Archaeologists working near Luxor (the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes) recently discovered the dismantled pyramid of Khay, Ramesses II’s vizier. Officially “the First Royal Herald of the Lord of the two lands,” Khay served as the vizier of Upper and Lower Egypt under Ramesses (known as Ramesses the Great) for 15 years during the prosperous XIXth dynasty. His original 13th-century B.C.E. mudbrick pyramid stood nearly 50 feet tall, though it was partially dismantled and turned into a Coptic hermitage in the seventh-eighth centuries C.E. While the pyramid is a new discovery, the vizier is well known. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo features two statues of Khay, and ancient documents record his exploits overseeing the construction of royal tombs in the nearby Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens.
Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update.
Dig into the illuminating world of the Bible with a BAS All-Access membership. Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today!