Although King Herod the Great became infamous due to the Gospel account of the Massacre of the Innocents (Matt 2:13-23), among archaeologists he is known as the single greatest builder in the history of the Holy Land. In this lecture series, we explore some of the major archaeological sites dating to the reign of Herod, including his rebuilding of the Second Temple in Jerusalem; his fortified palace at Masada; and Jewish tombs and burial customs (including the tomb of Jesus).
Dr. Jodi Magness holds the endowed chair of the Kenan Distinguished Professor for Teaching Excellence in Early Judaism in the Religious Studies department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and is currently the sitting president of the Archaeological Institute of America. She received her B.A. in archaeology and history from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1977) and her Ph.D. in classical archaeology from the University of Pennsylvania (1989). [More Bio]
Lecture 1: The Holy Land before the Time of Herod
In this lecture, we survey the development of early Judaism and the history of Judea during the Second Temple period.
Lecture 2: Jerusalem in the Time of Herod and Jesus: Part 1
This lecture surveys the history of Judea in the time of Herod and provides an introduction to ancient Jerusalem.
Lecture 3: Jerusalem in the Time of Herod and Jesus: Part 2
This lecture focuses on Herod's reconstruction of the Second Temple; the Antonia fortress; and archaeological remains associated with the passion of Jesus.
Lecture 4: Caesarea, Samaria, and Jericho
In this lecture we survey Herod’s palaces and other buildings at Caesarea (including the largest artificial harbor of its time), Samaria-Sebaste, and Jericho (the site of Herod’s main winter palace).
Lecture 5: Synagogues in the Time of Herod
According to the New Testament, Jesus and Paul preached in synagogues. What did these synagogues look like? Where and when did synagogues originate? In this lecture we review the evidence for the origins of the institution of the synagogue as well as the remains of synagogue buildings that antedate 70 C.E.
Lecture 6: Masada: Last Stronghold of the Jewish Revolt against Rome
In this lecture we survey Herod's palaces on Masada, and explore archaeological remains associated with the Roman siege of the mountain in 73-74 C.E. (which were excavated by Magness in 1995), including a discussion of Josephus' account of the mass Jewish suicide.
Lecture 7: Ossuaries and the Burials of Jesus and James
A survey of ancient Jewish tombs and burial customs in Jerusalem sets the stage for considering the evidence for the deaths and burials of Jesus and his brother James, including a discussion of recent claims about the "James ossuary" and the discovery of Jesus' family tomb.
Lecture 8: Herod’s Tomb at Herodium
Josephus reports that when Herod died in 4 B.C.E., his body was brought for burial to Herodium – the only site he named after himself because he planned it as his final resting place and everlasting memorial. In 2007, the late Israeli archaeologist Ehud Netzer discovered Herod’s tomb at Herodium. In this lecture we consider what the tomb tell us about how Herod wished to be remembered for posterity.
Sunday, March 8, 2020:
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, US — Departs 6:00 PM
Monday, March 9, 2020:
Half Moon Cay, Bahamas — 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Tuesday, March 10, 2020:
Wednesday, March 11, 2020:
Grand Turk, Turks And Caicos — 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
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Biblical Archaeology Society
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