James H. Charlesworth (A.B., B.D., Ph.D., ET, Litt.D. [hon]) is George L. Collord Professor of New Testament Language and Literature as well as Director of the Dead Sea Scrolls Project at Princeton Theological Seminary. He has authored or edited over 60 books and 600 articles. He has also been a professor at Duke University (1969-1984), Lady Davis Professor in the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (1988, 2001), Annual Professor in the W. F. Albright Institute in Jerusalem (1998-99), and McCarthy Professor in the Pontificia Università Gregoriana in Rome (2005). He has lectured in over 35 countries. Charlesworth has received numerous honors, including publication awards from the Biblical Archaeology Society, the Distinguished Achievement Citation from Ohio Wesleyan University, the first Frank Moore Cross Award from the American Schools of Oriental Research, the Comenius Medal from Charles University in Prague, and the Pentecost Medal from the Patriarch of Jerusalem. He was elected to Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab (The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters).
Bible & Archaeology Fest XXII, November 22 – 24, 2019
Mary Magdalene and Jesus: New Questions and Some Reflections
As we study the New Testament, we are introduced to a fascinating woman: Mary Magdalene. Who was she? Where did she live? Was she a “prostitute”? Where did she meet Jesus? Why did she join Jesus’ group? What relationship did Jesus and Mary Magdalen enjoy? Why was she at Jesus’ crucifixion? After the crucifixion, why did Jesus appear first to her early Sunday morning? Why does she disappear from the early history, according to the Gospels and Acts? How and in what distinct ways has archaeological research helped us to answer these questions and what new ones are now appearing? How have archaeological discoveries in Lower Galilee and the study of the Parables of Enoch enriched our understanding of Mary Magdalene and Jesus?
Bible & Archaeology Fest XIX, November 18 – 20, 2016
Announcing the Hendler Collection: Priceless Antiquities from Caesarea Maritima
“The Hendler Collection” is unknown; it comprises over 562 objects found in Caesarea Maritima from 1950 to 1970 and presently housed in a vault in Israel. Yohanan Hendler is a Sabra who spent his youth scouring Caesarea especially after heavy storms. He found outstandingly important artifacts notably from the time of Herod the Great, Peter, and Paul. All realia are surface finds from Caesarea. This provenience is important, since Handeler never contaminated his collection by additions from another site. Many of the artifacts – intaglios (used for decoration and to seal documents), cameos, gems, finger rings, and metal seal boxes – help scholars understand the economic and social life of those living in Caesarea during the early Roman period when Jews, Christians, and Samaritans lived at this port built by Herod the Great. The power-point lecture will show images of unknown items including a gold brooch with 12 pearls and a garnet in the center. Such valuable items could have been seen by Peter or Paul when they were in Caesarea. At Caesarea, Sarapis and Isis personified not only the city’s fortune but were also considered healers, associated with Asklepios and Hygeia. The assimilation of Sarapis, Helios, Zeus, and Ammon into one deity helps us all comprehend the world of early Jews, like Hillel, Gamaliel I, Jesus, and Peter. These treasures are windows into the first century when Caesarea was one of the world’s leading ports. The passion to beautify oneself links us to the ancient inhabitants of Caesarea.
Bible & Archaeology Fest XVIII, November 20 – 22, 2015
Where did Jesus meet Mary Magdalene? New Archaeological Discoveries
Where did Jesus meet Mary Magdalene? Archaeological explorations allow us to ask fresh questions. Now, excavations in Lower Galilee have revealed villages that were central to Jesus’ ministry: most notably Capernaum, Migdal, and Bethsaida. For the first time since 67 CE, we can enter a synagogue in which Jesus would have taught, as he was itinerant and spoke in the synagogues in Galilee, according to the Gospels. This power-point presentation will show seats on which Jesus would have sat and where Mary Magdalene obviously worshipped. Most of the leading archaeologists, Jews and Christians, are convinced Jesus met “Mary” in this building.
Bible & Archaeology Fest XVI, November 22 – 24, 2013
How Re-dating the Parables of Enoch Challenges Our Understandings of Jesus’ Claims
This presentation focuses on the new discoveries of first-century dwellings in Nazareth, the discovery (finally) of a synagogue in which Jesus from Nazareth probably taught, the discovery of the first-century harbor and market place in Migdal, and the excavations at Bethsaida and Capernaum. The highlight will be announcing that a book of parables that was thought to be a third-century Christian composition influenced by the Gospels is clearly a Jewish work composed in Lower Galilee during the time of Jesus’ ministry. This consensus constitutes one of the greatest paradigm shifts in Biblical scholarship of the past 50 years. The central question: “Why did Jesus break from the Biblical and Qumranic concept that God is coming as Judge and what group of Jews influenced him to change his mind?”
Bible & Archaeology Fest XV, November 16 – 18, 2012
Jesus, Mary, and the Newly Discovered Synagogue at Migdal
Mary of Migdal (Mary Magdalene) is one of the most mysterious and intriguing persons in the Bible. She becams a follower of Jesus and was at the foot of the cross. This presentation will address some of the enigmatic questions surrounding her as well as what a newly discovered synagogue in Migdal can tell us about Mary and Jesus. Why was she there? What can be known about Migdal? Did Jesus pass through it on the way from Nazareth to Capernaum? How old is the synagogue found recently at Migdal? Can we be certain that it is a “synagogue”? What are the meanings of the symbols etched on the large stone found in the synagogue? Is there any relation between the Parables of Enoch and Migdal? Was Jesus influenced by this mysterious document? Where did Jesus meet Mary of Migdal? When was the synagogue destroyed?
Bible & Archaeology Fest XIV, November 18 – 20, 2011
Does the Gospel of John Accurately Describe Jerusalem Before 70 CE?
Before the nineteenth century, the Gospel of John was once considered an accurate description of Jerusalem. However, for the last 200 years the text has been considered a Christological creation by an author who was ignorant of Jerusalem. Yet surprisingly, recent excavations have indicated that the Gospel of John is sometimes strikingly accurate. The author knew the importance of stone vessels, describes large pools that have been unearthed, and perceives the importance of mikvaot near the Temple. This presentation examines the most recent evidence for the Gospel of John’s accuracy in its portrayal of ancient Jerusalem.
Bible & Archaeology Fest XIII, November 19 – 21, 2010
Understanding Jesus: What We have Learned from Archaeology, Research, and the Dead Sea Scrolls
Thirty years ago, a new phase in the study of the historical Jesus emerged. This new phase included archaeological science and generally excluded scholarship that was generated by faith concerns or Existentialism. New questions arose from this new era of scholarship: How can Jesus’ message be understood in light of the Apocryphal Books [the OTP and the OTA], the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Books of Enoch, and the Jewish Magical Papyri? How did topography influence Jesus’ life and message? How does sociological research help us comprehend his time and his unique claims? What has archaeology, refined by the scientific advancements since 1967, revealed about Jesus’ time? Have archaeologists finally found a synagogue in which Jesus could have taught or are the Evangelists misinformed by later developments? How and in what ways—and why—is archaeology significant for both enlightened Jewish thought and Christian faith?
Bible & Archaeology Fest XII, November 20 – 22, 2009
Should the Gospel of John be used in Jesus Research?
In choosing sources for historical Jesus research, most scholars choose to focus on the Synoptic Gospels (the books of Mark, Matthew and Luke). Sometimes, the focus is narrowed even further to include primarily the alleged source of Jesus’ sayings found only in edited passages in Matthew and Luke. Many leading scholars judge the Gospel of John to be defined by creative theological reflections, which may be determinative for Christian faith but that are far removed from Jesus’ time and culture. Archaeologists, not influenced by theological claims, have observed that the Gospel of John knows about Jewish life in ways far superior to the Synoptics. Thanks to research on the Dead Sea Scrolls, scholars now agree that John is much more Jewish than was formerly thought. This presentation examines whether the book of John should be dismissed from Jesus research, and whether or not it preserves any reliable history about Jesus’ life and thought.