About Erin and Robert Darby

Erin and Robert Darby

Erin Darby is an Associate Professor in Religious Studies and Robert Darby is a lecturer in Art History at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. In addition to their other scholarly work, since 2009 they have co-directed the 'Ayn Gharandal Archaeological Project (AGAP), excavating a Roman-Islamic period site in the Wadi Arabah of southern Jordan. The site's primary occupation is a Roman military outpost, consisting of a well-preserved fort and bathhouse. Over the course of seven seasons, AGAP has uncovered a monumental Latin foundation inscription identifying the site as ancient Arieldela, Greek inscriptions, pictorial and epigraphic grafiti, and, most recently, a fourth century church.


Presenter at

Bible & Archaeology Fest XXII, November 22 – 24, 2019


Bible & Archaeology Fest XXI, November 16 – 18, 2018
Excavating the Gharandal Church: Soldiers, Pagans, and Christians in Arabia-Palaestina

In this lecture, Erin and Robert Darby will introduce the audience to the newly-excavated fourth century church at the Roman military site of ‘Ayn Gharandal (Arieldela), Jordan. Although scholars have discussed the Christianization of the Roman military, no other sites in the region have produced evidence for a purpose-built church in a Roman military base during the fourth century. In fact, the Gharandal Church is one of the few fourth century church buildings still standing in the Levant. After describing the church complex, Erin and Robert will discuss several important implications, including when in the fourth century the church may have been constructed, who commissioned the building, the extent of conversion to Christianity at the site, and the nature of Christian practice in this distant province of the Empire.