Current Digital Issue November/December 2017 Vol. 43 No. 6

About this issue: Explore the origins of the Santa Claus tradition, the date of Jesus’ birth and much more in the November/December 2017 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Learn about archaeological discoveries in Israel—from Jerusalem’s Te’omim Cave to Naboth’s vineyard at Jezreel and a special toilet at Lachish. Then meet the Phoenicians, ancient Israel’s closest ally, and join us on a survey of ancient Israelite architecture. Read more…

Roman Cult, Jewish Rebels Share Jerusalem Cave Site

Boaz Zissu, Eitan Klein, Roi Porat, Boaz Langford and Amos Frumkin

The Te’omim Cave—on the outskirts of Jerusalem—served as a refuge for Jewish rebels during the Bar-Kokhba Revolt (132–136 C.E.) and later as a pagan cultic site in the second–fourth centuries C.E. See why this extraordinary cave was chosen for both of these purposes—and much more. Read more…

Phoenicia and Its Special Relationship with Israel

Ephraim Stern

With a commercial empire that lasted a millennium, the Phoenicians were major players in the ancient Mediterranean world. Spreading their culture and goods, they came into contact with many different groups, but their relationship with the Israelites was distinct. Join Ephraim Stern as he explores the Phoenicians’ identity and interactions with their close neighbor and ally, Israel. Read more…

Have We Found Naboth’s Vineyard at Jezreel?

Norma Franklin, Jennie Ebeling, Philippe Guillaume and Deborah Appler

The Biblical story of Naboth and his vineyard have come to life in a recent excavation at Jezreel, where archaeologists excavated an Iron Age winery at the foot of Tel Jezreel. Here, the authors describe their discovery and explain why they believe that they have located the famed vineyard of Naboth. Read more…

Going to the Bathroom at Lachish

Saar Ganor and Igor Kreimerman

An ancient stone toilet recently unearthed at Lachish may provide archaeological evidence of King Hezekiah’s religious reforms throughout Judah in the eighth century B.C.E. The toilet had been placed in what is interpreted to be a gate-shrine within the largest ancient city gate found in Israel. Read more…


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