Uruk

Where Myth Meets History

The Exhibit Watch in July/August issue of Biblical Archaeology Review presents Mesopotamian Uruk, one of the world’s first cities and a likely source of many of the Bible’s oldest traditions (read the full article as it appears in BAR below). One of the most astounding structures in Uruk’s fourth-millennium B.C.E. Eanna district is the Stone-Cone Temple, an early feat of monumental construction and public worship. Learn how it was built in a step-by-step video guide created by the Berlin-based group Artefacts.

This video was created by Artefacts, a Berlin-based conceptual design agency specialized in the visualization of archaeological and scientific content, for the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. Visit http://en.artefacts-berlin.de/ to view additional 3-D reconstructions, exhibitions, illustrations and more.
 


 

Through September 8, 2013
Pergamon Museum
Berlin, Germany
www.uruk-megacity.de

The Biblical writers had a clear sense that human civilization as they knew it had first flourished in the east, in the lands of Mesopotamia, modern Iraq. The stories of Creation, the Garden of Eden and the Flood were all born of well-known Mesopotamian traditions that had been around thousands of years before the authors of Genesis weaved them together into a timeless tale of Israel’s origins.

Uruk: 5,000 Years of the Megacity, now on display at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, highlights extraordinary and never-before-seen finds from the ancient Mesopotamian city of Uruk, one of the world’s first cities and the place where many of the Bible’s oldest traditions may have originated. First settled more than 5,000 years ago, Uruk had nearly 40,000 inhabitants at its height in the early third millennium B.C.E. and was once ruled by Gilgamesh (depicted above in a neo-Assyrian statue), whose legendary feats and adventures were later mythologized in the famous epic that took his name.

The exhibit also celebrates the 100-year anniversary of the site’s excavation, which began under the German Oriental Society and continues today with the work of the German Archaeological Institute. The long-running excavations have uncovered valuable evidence of how urban life developed in the Near East and have recorded some of the world’s earliest temples, palaces and monumental public buildings. Given the poor preservation of many of the city’s mudbrick monuments, the exhibit uses dynamic three-dimensional reconstructions to display how the city and its buildings would have looked 5,000 years ago.

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  • Jimmy says

    Genesis never identify Cain’s or Seth’s wives.

    According to the Book of Jubilees, Cain married Abel’s twin sister. One of the motive for killing Abel was to get in his sister’s pants, when she was supposed betrothed to Abel. So jealousy and envy were the signs of Cain’s murderous intent.

    I don’t think Jubilees is any more historical and reliable than the Genesis.

  • Jimmy says

    Sorry, but Uruk was first settled 7000 years ago or 5000 BCE, not 5000 years ago as the article say.

    Uruk was a flourishing city from 4000 to 3000 BCE that predated the Sumerian civilisation. And it certainly predated the SUPPOSED FLOOD (which supposedly between 2340 to 2100 BCE), according to Genesis 10.

    Also, according to Genesis 10, Egypt didn’t exist until AFTER THE FLOOD, supposed found by son of Ham. Which is nonsense, when you considered that the pyramid of Giza was a couple of centuries before that roughly estimated dates of the Flood. And that there are even older pyramids at Saqqara from the 3rd dynasty. And smaller pyramids were continually being built throughout the 5th and 6th dynasties.

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