Founded on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee in c. 19 A.D., Tiberias became through the centuries a focal point of culture and commerce in northern Israel. Most notably, Tiberias grew quickly after the mid-second century A.D. as a bastion of Jewish life and learning. By the fourth century the city had become a major destination for Christian pilgrims touring the many Holy sites of the Galilee region. Tiberias continued to prosper after the Arab conquest when it became the district capital of Jund al-Urdunn.
Excavations have been ongoing throughout various parts of the ancient city center of Tiberias since 1950s and have exposed many impressive remains, such as the Roman southern gate, sections of the main north-south street and its two phases of shops, a bathhouse, churches, the congregational mosque, houses of the Islamic period and even an industrial complex related to the sugar industry of the Crusader-Ayyubid period.
How does a dig team work? What do archaeologists look for at a dig? In this documentary DVD, learn how excavators work and what we can learn from archaeology. Learn more >>
10 minutes from modern Tiberias
Roman through Ayyubid
Katia Cytryn-Silverman is a senior lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology and Dept. of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She specializes in the Islamic period, with special interest in the Islamization of classical cities, but also on later periods, with emphasis on road-inns and on the sugar industry in the Levant from the Crusader period onward. Cytryn-Silverman has been leading the new Tiberias Excavation Project since 2009.