The San Mateo Church is one of the greatest architectural and artistic wonders of the city of Jerez (Cádiz, Spain), founded during the medieval period, most of its building presents the typical Gothic architecture of the 14th-15th centuries, with additions from Renaissance and Baroque styles.
The objective in this course of bioarcheological fieldwork will be to excavate the burial niches dating from the 17th century of the underground funerary crypt that belongs to the San Mateo Church. An old plan of the church basement confirms that the church basement houses a large number of burial tombs. This will be the first time this funerary crypt has been excavated.
In the period between the 16th-18th centuries, the city was administered by neighborhoods, to which parish churches were assigned, which organized both the usual worship, like the system of burial of the faithful in cemeteries or underground crypts.
From the 16th century, the vast majority of Christian churches used their subsoils to bury the dead in individual tombs and in crypts to create sepulchral chapels that housed members of the same family or community. The fieldwork focuses on funerary structures, specifically inhumation graves. Students will also participate in lectures on skeletal anatomy and pathologies, classes, and exercises related to the course material.
Cádiz, Southern Spain
June 5 - July 17, 2022
Friday, July 15, 2022
Gonzalo Castro Moreno: Sanisera Archaeology Institute