Bible and Archaeology News
Israeli archaeologists working at the City of David excavations in Jerusalem recently uncovered a rare 13th century B.C.E. Egyptian scarab. The scarab dates to Egypt’s 19th dynasty, which was marked by military campaigns and conquests in Canaan. According to dig directors Eli Shukron and Joe Uziel, the artifact is the first of its kind in the City of David excavations, and it serves as a material reflection of the Egyptian presence in Israel during the period.
The soft gray stone Egyptian scarab was used as a stamp seal to close and sign documents. It is less than one inch long, and features an imprinted image of a duck along with the name of the sun god Amon-Ra in hieroglyphics. The April find date nearly missed Passover, the holiday commemorating the Hebrew Exodus from Egypt. While it remains a highly debated subject, some scholars have posited a 13th century B.C.E. date for the Exodus;* the recently excavated scarab serves as a reminder of the relations and conflicts between the Hebrews and Egyptians during the era.
* For more information on the archaeology of the Exodus, see Hoffmeier, James K. “Out of Egypt.” Biblical Archaeology Review, Jan/Feb 2007.
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What archeological evidence exists to show that the Hebrews were ever slaves or even just lived in Egypt?…
I’m no expert, but I enjoy reading the debates and haggling about what constitutes good evidence in Biblical Archaeology Review. Some of the physical evidence is fun to ponder. Speaking of which, I did a quick search on the keywords Egypt Hebrew, and …
The Bible/Torah shows 1453 BC as the date they 1st settled in Canaan. 13th century (1200s BC) is well into the Judges period. Most like to ignore Bible chronology but tree ring dating based on Thera explosion at 1628 BC does suggest that Egyptian chrono is off short by about 150 years. There was a dark period in Egypt in the 20th dynasty where much info was lost.
Which Exodus ? The first (Joseph) or second (Moses) ?
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