The inscription was engraved in Greek into a stone originally from the lintel of a Byzantine church
A stone, engraved in Greek was found at el-Taiyiba in the Jezreel Valley in the Upper Galilee. It had originally been part of the lintel of a Byzantine (5th-century C.E.) church. The church was part of the religious authority of the metropolis of Bet She’an, which included el-Taiyiba. The discovery was announced on January 20, 2020 by the Israel Antiquities Authority. Their excavation was directed by Tzachi Lang and Kojan Haku.
Dr. Leah Di-Segni, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, deciphered the dedication. It read, “Christ born of Mary. This work of the most God-fearing and pious bishop [Theodo]sius and the miserable Th[omas] was built from the foundation – – Whoever enters should pray for them.” Theodosius was the archbishop of Bet She’an.
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The stone was found where it had been repurposed and placed in one of the walls of a majestic building, from the late Byzantine or early Islamic period. The building excavations revealed mosaic floors in two rooms, designed with a geometric pattern. The inscription on the stone was a greeting to visitors, supporting researchers’ conclusions that it had been a dedication to a church, not a monastery. The excavation directors further explained that, “The excavation yielded finds from a variety of periods, shedding light on the long settlement sequence at et-Taiyiba in the valley, and on its status among the local settlements.”
Jezreel—Where Jezebel Was Thrown to the Dogs by David Ussishkin
One day in 1989 rumor reached me that monumental Israelite architecture had accidentally been uncovered at Tel Jezreel in the Jezreel Valley in northern Israel. I was then, as now, a professional archaeologist who studies the Biblical period. I have always been inspired by the Bible and the historical events described in it, as well as the fascinating personalities involved in them. Although my archaeological work has been strictly based on the data in the fiehttps://www.baslibrary.org/biblical-archaeology-review/44/5/5ld, I have never forgotten the literary background that the Bible provides. So it is not surprising that when I heard this rumor I immediately decided to consider the possibility of digging at Tel Jezreel.
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The question came in an email: “If you could choose your own site, where would you want to excavate?” What a question for an archaeologist! I had been digging at Ashkelon for the past 25 years as part of the Leon Levy Expedition to Ashkelon, and I could not have been happier where I was. But we reached the stage at Ashkelon where we had decided to stop excavating in order to process all that we had found.
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“Under Tiberius all was quiet.” So Roman historian Tacitus states when describing the former territory of Herod the Great after it had been allocated to his three sons upon his death (Tacitus, Histories 5.9). Tiberius reigned as Roman emperor from 14 to 37 C.E., and as far as Tacitus was concerned, nothing remarkable happened in the land inhabited by the Jews during this period.
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