Connections between Lilith, Adam’s first wife, and Jadis, the White Witch of Narnia
C.S. Lewis, one of the most beloved authors of the 20th century, created a magical, fictional world called Narnia. The primary villain of the first book of this series, The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, is Jadis, the White Witch. Below is the character Edmund’s description of the White Witch when he first meets her:
A great lady, taller than any woman that Edmund had ever seen. She also was covered in white fur up to her throat and held a long straight golden wand in her right hand and wore a golden crown on her head. Her face was white—not merely pale, but white like snow or paper or icing-sugar, except for her very red mouth. It was a beautiful face in other respects, but proud and cold and stern.
(The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe)
Jadis, the White Witch, is beautiful—and terrifying. Although she looks like a human, she is not. According to the character Mr. Beaver, the White Witch was descended from Lilith, Adam’s first wife, on one side and from giants on the other.
Who is Lilith? Is there any warrant for calling Lilith Adam’s first wife, or is this just the baseless chatter of woodland creatures? Are there appearances of Lilith in the Bible?
Dan Ben-Amos, Professor of Folklore and Asian and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, explores the figure of Lilith in the Bible and mythology in his article “From Eden to Ednah—Lilith in the Garden” in the May/June 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. His analysis shows that Lilith is an intriguing figure who has taken on many shapes over the millennia. From this, we see that Jadis, the White Witch, shares more than just lineage with her supposed ancestor.
Lilith is first mentioned in ancient Babylonian texts as a class of winged female demons that attacks pregnant women and infants. From Babylonia, the legend of “the lilith” spread to ancient Anatolia, Syria, Israel, Egypt and Greece. In this guise—as a wilderness demoness—she appears in Isaiah 34:14 among a list of nocturnal creatures who will haunt the destroyed Kingdom of Edom. This is her only mention in the Bible, but her legend continued to grow in ancient Judaism.
During the Middle Ages, Jewish sources began to claim her as Adam’s first—and terrifying—wife. How did Lilith evolve from being a wilderness demoness to Adam’s first wife?
Interestingly enough, this story begins at the beginning—in Genesis 1.
The creation of humans is described in Genesis 1 and in Genesis 2. The first account is fairly straightforward: “So God created humankind in his image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them” (Genesis 1:27). The second account describes how God formed man out of the dust of the ground and then creates woman from the man: “Then the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being. … So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man” (Genesis 2:7, 21–22).
In the post-Biblical period, some ancient Jewish scholars took the stance that Genesis 1:27 and Genesis 2:21–22 must describe two separate events, since it appears that woman is created differently in these accounts. In her Bible Review article “Lilith” in the October 2001 issue, Professor Janet Howe Gaines explains this reasoning: “Considering every word of the Bible to be accurate and sacred, commentators needed a midrash or story to explain the disparity in the creation narratives of Genesis 1 and 2. God creates woman twice—once with man, once from man’s rib—so there must have been two women. The Bible names the second woman Eve; Lilith was identified as the first in order to complete the story.” Accordingly, Genesis 1:27 describes the creation of Adam and an unnamed woman (Lilith); Genesis 2:7 gives more details of Adam’s creation; and Genesis 2:21–22 describes the creation of Eve from Adam.
Lilith’s creation is recounted in The Tales of Ben Sira, an apocryphal work from the tenth century C.E. Dan Ben-Amos explains that although this is the first extant text that records the legend of Lilith, her story probably existed earlier:
[Lilith’s] story seems to hover at the edges of literacy with sporadic references. … [I]n the post-Biblical period, the sages identify the lilith several times, not by name, but as “the First Eve,” indicating that her full story was well known in oral tradition, yet barred from the canonized Biblical text. Finally, in the tenth century C.E. in Babylon, an anonymous writer, who was not bound by normative traditional principles and who included in his book some other sexually explicit tales, spelled out the lilith’s adventures in paradise.
The Tales of Ben Sira relates that God created Lilith from the earth, just as he had created Adam. They immediately began fighting because neither would submit to the other. Recognizing that Adam would not listen to her, Lilith “pronounced the Ineffable Name and flew away into the air” (The Tales of Ben Sira). The angels Snvi, Snsvi and Smnglof were sent to pursue Lilith, but when they reached her, she refused to return with them to the Garden of Eden. “‘Leave me!’ she said. ‘I was created only to cause sickness to infants. If the infant is male, I have dominion over him for eight days after his birth, and if female, for twenty days’” (The Tales of Ben Sira). As a compromise, she promised that whenever she saw the angels’ names or forms on amulets, she would leave the child alone. She also agreed that 100 of her children—demons—would die every day.
Janet Howe Gaines expounds the severity of Lilith’s sin and its consequences as described in the The Tales of Ben Sira:
Lilith sins by impudently uttering the sacred syllables, thereby demonstrating to a medieval audience her unworthiness to reside in Paradise. So Lilith flies away, having gained power to do so by pronouncing God’s avowed name. Though made of the earth, she is not earthbound. Her dramatic departure reestablishes for a new generation Lilith’s supernatural character as a winged devil.
Gaines also explains Lilith’s hatred for human babies: “Ben Sira’s story suggests that Lilith is driven to kill babies in retaliation for Adam’s mistreatment and God’s insistence on slaying 100 of her progeny daily.”
To learn more about Biblical women with slighted traditions, take a look at the Bible History Daily feature Scandalous Women in the Bible, which includes articles on Lilith, Mary Magdalene and Jezebel.
The Lilith legend continued to grow and change over the following centuries, which is reflected in various artistic depictions of her. While some portrayed Lilith as a beautiful woman, others showed her in a more sinister light. Some even depicted her as the serpent in the Garden of Eden who convinced Eve to eat the forbidden fruit.
Jadis, the White Witch of Narnia, shares similarities with Lilith. Not only are both of them strong, terrifying women, but they also seem bent on destroying human life. Both wield dark magic and are immortal beings. As revealed in C.W. Lewis’s The Magician’s Nephew, Jadis gains immortality by eating a silver apple inside a walled garden in Narnia. This episode has some obvious connections to the account of the Garden of Eden in the Bible. Additionally, both pronounce an ineffable word and suffer dire consequences as a result. The Magician’s Nephew tells how Jadis—before she became the White Witch—pronounced the Deplorable Word, which killed every living thing in her world, Charn, except for herself. So great was her desire for power and her refusal to submit, she spoke the Deplorable Word—knowing full well that it would kill every living person and thing in her world—rather than surrender her claim to the throne of Charn. These examples demonstrate that the character Jadis bears both the blood and the character of her foremother Lilith.
From demoness to Adam’s first wife, Lilith is a terrifying force. To learn more about Lilith in the Bible and mythology, read Dan Ben-Amos’s full article—“From Eden to Ednah—Lilith in the Garden”—in the May/June 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review.
This Bible History Daily feature was originally published on May 2, 2016.
Lilith: Seductress, heroine or murderer?
The Adam and Eve Story: Eve Came From Where?
The Creation of Woman in the Bible
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The Hebrew word for ‘Night’ — the name God [Elohim] gave to “the Darkness” [Ha-ChoSheK] — is LaY’LaH (where ‘ = schwa, not the letter Aleph). The name ‘Lilith’ is derived from this word for the Darkness that God called ‘Night’. The people who wrote GENESIS were understandably afraid of the dark, not having electric street-lights to provide sufficient artificial illumination. There are any number of nocturnal predators to be afraid of, and if a baby in a crib were to suffer SIDS [‘Sudden Infant Death Syndrome’], as no doubt happened in ancient times, as it still happens today, then it makes sense to fear some evil nocturnal predatory spirit. Lilith might not literally exist, but the notion of sudden death afflicting children at Night would suffice to produce a folkloric myth about some malevolent spirit associated with the Night.
Did God create the fish and birds once, but the trees, vegetables, and human beings twice–simply because the latter was narrated twice? Did God ceased His creation work, and later on decided to again create something–or someone–i.e, Eve? I am not sure if such Jewish tradition is accepted by all or most Jews. It’s certainly interesting to read rabbinic writings. But just like Christian writings, many rabbinic writings are obscure and not well accepted by large.
Ah words and languages, fascinating tools aren’t they? Symbols to communicate other symbols which we are seemingly powerless to otherwise convey to each other as different souls.
Interesting to note that the ‘first’ creation story doesn’t name Adam, so why is this article assuming that there was Lilith and then Eve, but not a second Adam?
The male is described as being created from nothing along with the female, and if we can conclude that this process is different than the process of creating Eve from Adam’s rib, how do we assume that it was Adam in the first process created with a female? Adam isn’t named until the second creation story. We can acknowledge these are two different women, but somehow are assuming these two created men are in fact one man created two different ways? From nothing, and then from dust and breathed into life?
If there was a Lillith, there was another ProtoAdam before Adam. Whose to say it wasn’t the angel lucifer before his tragic fall?
We can only speculate and pray for wisdom. By understanding what we can never witness, we should be able to take lessons from these events and the wisdom they offer to better go forward in the future, before He returns in glory to lead us.
Be careful what you believe because satan will use every trick he can to trip you up. God created Adam and then God put Adam into a deep sleep and took a rib from Adam and created Eve. Do not take from not add to God’s word.
what u says is right, Almighty God can not lie. so people should be aware of what the believe in. we are in end time
You know that the bible is allegorical, don’t you?
No more allegorical than you are.
Lilith was a man!
If Lilith was Adams first wife and lived outside of Edan; then are Humans after their creation from two seperate blood lines? And if Adam and Lilith were married they obviously had children, so who’s redemption was the story of Edan actually about?
Great piece. Great website. Its a honorable thing to share information freely.
Is this Lilith real?
Zach, some translations of Isaiah 34:14 do indeed reference Lilith. See here:
Gen 1:27 He created them male and female who were they? Adam and Eve could not be created twice. Could you please clarify and clear up doubts where does Lilith appear from in Genesis.
Umm the comment about her being mentioned in Isaiah 34:14 is so false. Where did you get your information from? All I’ve read in the verse talks about nights creatures/creatures of the night. Does not even talk about any demonic presences. Secondly, Genesis 1 goes through the order of creation. So it mentioned God created man and woman. Genesis two is just the description/process of creating mankind.
I appreciate history and interesting points of view. I perceive Mythology and Religion as Studies in Truth.
I can’t definitively say yes or no to anything in the bible, except God and Jesus are real (and truth). You’re right in saying, it is our duty to question and search for the truth about everything in our lives. I seldom agree completely with beliefs of my own religion, so I can’t really agree nor disagree completely with anyone. I do follow a few in my path to the truth. I have heard a few rabbis that made quite an impact on me and Rev. Joseph Prince does as well. I’m sure my search will reveal more as the years go by.
Mellissa, “God’s word” is a collection of books, the inclusion of which was decided upon by a number of highly corrupt Popes, so entrenched in their own politiical gain at the time, that educated person must question it. Other dogma subscribed to by the church of the time have generated from people who were canonised by the same said Pope’s and have no mention in “God’s word” at !. For instance the the idea of purgatory which has now very recently been quwashed, it having been a concept that placed the fear of Hell into people so much so in times past, they paid the church to pray their dead relations out of purgatory!!! Where was that in “God’s word”? There are so many anomolies is this randomly collected set of texts and so many other texts disgarded or considered apocrophyl. The more you educate yourself about the history of what is considered “God’s word” the more you realise that the corruption of man make blind faith to that collection not just unwise but impossible. We were not created in the image of God to go about refusing to use the questioning enquiring minds that God gave us!!! Hence my choice to move from Chrisianity to Buddhism.
Not to mention that Christians mistranslated and corrupted Jewish texts. Christians don’t seem to realize that much of the bible is allegorical.
I highly recommend everyone to listen to a great biblical scholar Arnold Murray and Dennis Murray from the Shepard’s Chapel. If you have Dish network its on 24 hours a day 7 days a week. Channel 256 Dish. The Shepard’s chapel doesn’t have a Facebook page or anything affiliated with the computer only Shepard’s chapel.com.
There was only one man and one woman in the garden of Eden. Adam and Eve. Eve was made from Adams DNA. The sin in the garden was Satan(tree of knowledge) seduced Eve which produced eve having fraternal twins Cain(Satan’s) and Abel(Adams). The 8th day creation was a completely different man ETH Adam which Jesus Christ would come from this blood line. Saying Lilith was in the garden or Adams first wife is nothing but mythology definitely not from God’s word.
We don’t want to believe in all this but there’s a proof who did Cain marry ?? If Adam and Eve where the first humans on earth and Cain became a wanderer why was he scared people will kill him who where those people??. Now we are not doubting God nor is our faith wavering we just want to know the complete story. Evrr et n if Lilith is a myth the Bible prove there where other humans on earth not only Adam and Eve
A Midrash is needed, to explain away every perceived discrepancy in the Tanakh. Lilith was piggybacked upon the two Genesis accounts, because she was already created in the mythos of the Age, was convenient, was available, and was known, at the time —
And, yes — Including her, was entirely logical —
For the cultural context, of the time.
From clay and spittle, Are we all Created. And Jesus Formed a New Seeing, From but clay, and the spittle of His mouth…
Just add, bubbling water.
We come from the clay…We return to the clay. What is required yet, To Bring Forth the Miracle of Life From the formed elements of the earth, is the spittle. And the spittle, is the Water; is the Breath; is the Fire…
And the Spirit, Descends As a Star, and Enters, Therein.
It is far easier to bring Lilith into the mix, then to fully deal with what is really meant by Adam’s rib.
The clay vessel, the carved rock, is the womb. What is placed in the clay vessel, is…
You get the idea.
But from inert, dead elements?
Comes Forth, the Miracle of the New Life!
The Star, Has Returned…
The analogy to Ishtar, cannot be overlooked.
You will not find this in any book, or on any webpage…
I will have to write it, I guess…
But if you were versed in the hidden iconography of Renaissance paintings?
You would be able to locate the bent-rimmed Cup, Hidden Within almost all of these paintings — Especially, the latter ones. And Within the Cup, To the Right Side of it, you always spot the head and the torso of the newborn, smiling babe, who is looking right at you. The Cup, Is the Vessel, Is the Womb, Is the Stone Formed, Is the Ark.
And a Moshe — A New Adam, Hidden Within — Is Always the Result.
Anyway; if you want a society, where the male has full dominion over the female?
Then the rib story, is far more attractive to you, than is the version of the story where they were both created equal and simultaneously, albeit with the male being mentioned first, in contraindication to what some other cultures of the time believed.
The moon, was male. The sun, the moon’s offspring, was male also, initially.
Think of Abram and Sarai, his sister-bride. They are, essentially, reflections of what was happening in the Heavens above Ur…
And they are treated, more-or-less equally, in the narrative.
YHWH Talks To Abram, first. But YHWH Also Overhears, and Speaks To, Sarai. YHWH Has Included her, As an equal To Abram, within the narrative.
The wife, is hardly spoken to, or acknowledged by the stranger…
But YHWH, In Doing So?
Has Elevated her Back Up, in man’s world, To her Equality of Origin.
At least, Within YHWH’s Eyes…
YHWH and Shekinah, Are the Complements, of Hashem. Two Sides, To One Face. Like the Kisseh, of the Cherubim, Above the Ark…
United, As One. Just as Adam, includes Eve…
And Eve, includes Adam.
It Is Meant To Show, To the Discerning, that male and female — Female, and male — YHWH Himself; Shekinah, herself; Creates them…
And a man, and a woman?
They can only guess, as to the eventual outcome, of the Miracle of the clay (feminine), the spittle (masculine), and the Star Come Down (Spirit), Combining Into One.
You want a Trinity?
There, Right In the Beginning, Is your First Trinity. For From the Very Beginning, Has He, has She, Known you…
I am an avid learner of many things, and I have always said: There is a piece of the truth in every religion/faith. It is up to us to find it, pull it out and place it into a larger picture until we have the whole.
The fact that God said all was good means sin had to enter the world. Genesis is very clear how that happened, disobedience. Eve was coaxed by the lying serpent into eating the forbidden fruit. Satin was cast out of heaven and given reign over the earth. .. so he had to cause sin in order to start his kingdom on earth to try to control humanity through out history, through empires, money, and food to devour as many souls as he can before Gods kingdom comes back to reign and ends his existence. Stick to the big picture of the gospel. Make disciples. That is our job as Christian believers, not to get caught up in fables and myths. The word of God the is infalable and more sure than the audible voice of God. It is true and can not be proven wrong. I agree that God will reveal all in his own time to our puny minds.
I actually saw an old bible and read the story of Lilith in there, not just a curtain call about her. I only wish I knew the version (in old English). It was a friend’s family heirloom passed down several generations. I no longer know where this friend is at so I can’t get that info. But she invited me to read the story of Lilith from her family bible (a very large and very old copy). Strange, no one seems to mention that the Lilith story, which I read in full, is in some older version(s) of the bible.
To all of you people out there freaking out about the mythological character of Lilith, understand you look childish.
It’s just an article that is exploring who this mythological persona is, her origins, and how it influenced people’s interpretations throughout millenia. It’s no big deal. Also, midrashic literature was not always a strictly literal process. Often times, it was intended to be interpreted as fables with a greater truth. These rabbis, scholars, and writers understood that it was the deeper meaning of parable that revealed more truth than anything. Did all of them believe she was real? Probably not. There were people of all stripes that used this folklore for rhetorical reasons just as one might find a teacher making an allegorical reference to Rumpelstiltskin.
The writer of the article never claims that Lilith is even in Genesis! They are just examining various fables throughout history.
Honestly, just because BAR does not tell you that literally every single thing that you want to be told, that does not mean it is not academic. You are allowed to have your theology just as I have my own theology. Go haunt some underground webpage of loons that post that they have found the Ark of the Covenant and etc.
Academia does not have to bow to every single fundamentalists’ theology. If your feelings are hurt, go somewhere else.
Exactly. The ones who comment here are mostly Christians and don’t understand this. They take everything literally.
Lilith the female(dirt woman) would not submit….replaced with Eve… the rib.
Satan (lilith) replaced in heaven with Wisdom.
Vashti replaced with Esther.
and the Devil was wroth with the woman…… yall catching up.
Adam had a first wife? Sounds like another California marriage to me.
further more, the book of genesis had more than one Israelite author as can be evident in that chpt1 uses the narrative god then after in chpt2 the narrative uses lord god
there is a link between the abram and adam: ancient sumerians and perhaps ancient Armenians also look into the book of enoch dead sea scrolls
Israelites wrote the book of genesis while in Babylon using stories legends to create the their historical origins; it is all about the sumeriain of ancient iraq
It is absurd to interfere with the pure creation of almighty Lord that is creation of Adm.and Eve in Genesis by their fictional work
Adam had prior wives?
Bet he didn’t dwell California, land of divorce lawyers.
To even put into the minds of non-discerning readers that Lillith is a possibility as Adam’s first wife is from a New Testament view, blasphemous heresy, abominable. Then mentioning C.S. Lewis while failing to mention the very much documented public domain works of his own that reveal he was an occultist, not really anyone who was truly a New Testament born again believer though he’s made out to be such by them duped by such things;
Lillith – liyliyṯ: A feminine noun referring to a night creature; a screech owl. It refers to a creature of the night that will settle among the ruins of the nations whom God judges (Isa_34:14; NIV, night creatures; NASB, night monster; KJV, screech owl). — The Complete WordStudy Bible Encyclopedia/Dictionary.
I find it very angering when i come to a bible archaeology website which at times, will have good articles that reflect a more honest New Testament view of such daily dynamic discoveries etc of archaeology, but on the other hand allows itself either willingly our unwittingly to be a pawn that peddles outrageous diabolist kabbala dark religion of witchcraft, the very thing God (Jesus) made clear that;
1Samuel 15:23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.
..and it’s peddled as ‘academic illustrious study’ which is really the musings of the ancient sages of all them who were not exactly on the side of the Biblical God (Old/New) as many in history have claimed they were, and thus have repackaged to seem innocent while reprogramming a unknowing reader with the language of the kabbalists dressed in scholastic garb, as part of a conditioning process. Truly this an externalization of the very mode of thought of the mystery schools, that if one is a born again believer in Jesus the Christ, this mode of thought is clearly discernible as a diabolist view for it’s a intermingling of Mesopotamian secret society ideas with biblical narratives wherein only the most well studied would be able to tell a difference of what is actually biblical and what isn’t.
Then the mention of the “Gap” theory which is another intellectual disingenuous reading of the genuine societal more Hebraic way of reading out how Genesis was written, and one doesn’t have to be scholar just to learn a bit of how Hebrews would tell a story, first a brief intro.. then a more expanded retelling (for various Biblical reasons).
Then looking to the Apocrphyal texts when the very name itself implies it’s not canon or doctrinal, King James himself said, “As to the Apocriphe bookes, I omit them because I am no Papist”. The basis of Romanist doctrines are formed on more Apocryphal writings than that of the Holy Bible. There is partial validity to the Apocryphal writings but not according to New Testament 1st century teaching. The fulfillment of some Old testament prophecies, such as those in Daniel, can be confirmed by the historical information in the Apocryphal books such as Maccabees. Any studied historian being honest knows not to consider the Apocrypha as part of scripture. Catholic Bibles included the Apocryphal books mixed with scripture. “Apocrypha” (which means “obscure”). The Apocrypha is no more inspired than are other things that might be included in today’s editions of the Bible, such as study notes, book introductions, devotional tips, etc.
The darkest occult books on spellcraft/witchcraft all praise Lilith with the utmost praise as she (supposedly) is the devil they call on quite a bit to perform their craft of incantations, curses, spells, and divining.
In Isaieh some commentators read Lilith, the Mesopotamian female night “demon” (v. Isa_34:14), as one of the creatures inhabiting this nightmare world. But we know clearly that the Bible does state there are female ‘spirits’ but them who were born of Adam and Eve (the only way it happened) and died and either ended up in heaven or hell. Lilith is seen as a screech owl — rather, “the night specter”; in Jewish mysticism/superstition (something they learned from pagan babylonians etc who are a offense to God) a female, elegantly dressed, that carried off children by night. All these are paganized worldviews of a false understanding of the reality we are in according to the God of the Holy Bible.
This article is teaching the ideas/views of high level dark craft as innocent academic truth seeking. A formidable deception for them who don’t have the right armor on.
This article states the Liltih was created with Adam and Gen. 1, However Lilith would not submit to Adam. Another account say’s she was a demoness. I find two problems with this. First one: God said everything He created was good. The first time He said something wasn’t good was when He said it wasn’t good for man to be alone. DEMONS ARE NOT GOOD! Second one: If Adam and Lilith were attempting to usurp power over one another, and fighting, and mentioning eneffable words (which by the way is described as SINFUL nature in the bible) then that clearly goes against the Idea of sin entering the world only after the serpent deceived Adam and Eve causing them to question God’s command and then committing what the bible records was the act that brought sin in the world further making the hearts of man corrupt and wicked. If Adam and lilith were fighting doin quarreling with each other, that would mean wickedness entered mans’ heart before the fall of Adam and Eve. That would mean that God lied!!! The Story of Lilith is completely inconsistent with the bible’s account of creation and everything pertaining to. I pray God opens the eyes of many to see that we cant read a Holy and Sacred book with heavenly concepts through a natural lends as if our intelligence trumps God’s wisdom.
If Lilith had been killing babies etc then the act of eating the forbidden fruit was not the first sin in the worrld.. How and ftom where the sinning action of Lilith ?
Genesis 2:18 ¶And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
This has hint that God created one woman, Eve. No mention of first or any woman if there was already a woman before Eve.
What are you people talking about?????
The Bible simply states that God created male and female in His image and breathed life in to them and they began to breathe and live. Speculating on anything wider than that gets us no-where really. We do, as the New Testament states see ‘as through a glass darkly’, we cannot see the whole picture yet because our human brains cannot comprehend the full glory, majesty and extent of God’s superior knowledge. He chooses to show us what He will for the present, and the day will dawn when we will be shown everything and it will all make sense. God does this in His own time, not our version of time.
The Babylonians did not believe in or believed God so why would any person think their accounts of the beginning would even be close to the truth?
C.S. Lewis was not inspired of God so why bring his crap into the discussion on Adam and Eve?
Lilith is not a terrifying source, Where do these authors come up with this stuff?
If you want the truth, d not go to supposed biblical scholars, archaeologists or those inferior writers at BAS
Jewish sources of the Middle Ages wouldn’t have made that error if they had been aware of the documentary hypothesis.
Jews I know are avowedly secular and now practicing, cultural. Maybe this is because I’m in San Francisco, I don’t know. Same with Christians in a way. I know a few people who say they’re Christian but when pressed seem more new age. E.g., not a literal personal trascedant God but one who’s just umm king of everything. Etc. My point being, I’ve gotten to the point where I assume scholars readers and writers of this journal are like me and my friends. Hence the preceding comments about Lilith kin of shock me with their sound of having a literal faith. Which to me would be just totally crazy.
The Jewish manuscripts tell of God, making man to his type and women to her type, on the 6th day! He told them to go and replenish the world. On the 8th day God created Adam, the H’Adam to tend the garden, and created Eve from his DNA to be his help mate. That was on the 8th day. Lilith is a feeble attempt by “scholars” to explain the different races. there was no Lilith, at least in Adam of the 8th days world. Pure mythology. God created all the races on the 6th day. there is no way two people of ruddy complexion can birth black, Asian , native American, and sweedish from the same DNA. give us a break. O.K.
I thought Lilith was the wife of a Lilliputin 😀
Adam was married to an unnamed woman who was represented by Virgo / Ishtar. When Ishtar’s stock went down, her name was struck from the record. Ishtar worship was blamed for the destruction of two cities, and Nahrum-Sin’s love for her was not very popular. She appeared as a demoness in the form of Lilith, Adam’s first wife. Now the bible states the man was expelled from Eden, not the woman. Adam then took a second wife, most likely the same place Cain and Noah got their unnamed wives. However, the goddess became popular again, so they gave her a name after the Hittite goddess Heva, Their Ishtar, also posed with a lion like Ishtar (Leo=Adam). Adam’s first wife remained behind to be the consort of YHWH, the moon god, same as in Babylon.
The reason why the rib is because Leo was a larger constellation and the head of Virgo was in the rib, hence “Eve” came from the rib. When the Greeks broke up the constellations, Leo was as it is today and Virgo (Eve) head is part of the tail. At this point, the rabbis who were also astrologers, decided to update the story, but the only way they could do this was outside of the text, so they created a midrash where Adam had a tail and Eve came from it.
The Bible cosmic myth starts out with Ishtar as Adam’s wife and ends with David (named for Davinka a form of Ishtar) as a cosmic form of Narhum-Sin who is in love with Bethseba who represents Ishtar at the autumnal equinox. Her giving birth to Solomon at the Southern Crown concludes the cosmic myth as one big circle starting and ending with the goddess.
The bible is layered to hide the fact these are Bronze Age stories and not Iron Age texts. Tigay’s work on Gilgamesh describes the techniques used to create this layered text. It is just a matter of working the text backwards. Not to hard to do, even for a layman.
I agree, Gen. chapter 1 tells that God created man and woman, Gen. chapter 2 tells how that came about.
There is only one act of God’s creating the woman, the second mention in Genesis 2 just gives the details to the simple statement of fact in Genesis 1. Similar to the way a newspaper article unfolds, the first paragraph is a highly simplified summary and subsequent paragraphs provide additional details. There is no need to postulate a narrative of God creating two women for Adam, except perhaps for the contemporary writer to have something sensational to write in order to get published; or, to somehow make a twisted case to justify polygamy.