BIBLE HISTORY DAILY

What is it? Answer to the BHD and Facebook Artifact Discussion.

What is this object? When is it from? What culture did it come from?

Thanks to all who participated in the “What is it?” artifact discussion! This week’s was a challenge! Read about the Philistine linchpin below, and explore www.biblicalarchaeology.org for more Biblical Archaeology content!

A. Egyptian hairpin
B. Assyrian back scratcher
C. Roman scepter
D. Philistine linchpin
E. Edomite ceremonial tent stake

Answer: (D) Philistine linchpin

Discovered at the Philistine site of Ashkelon, this bronze linchpin is one of only a handful of ancient chariot fittings to have been discovered in Israel. The 7-inch-long pin would have been placed through a small hole located between the chariot’s wheel and the end of the axle. Once lashed into place (using a leather cord strung through the hole in the head of the pin), the pin served the crucial function of preventing the wheel from flying off when the chariot was in motion.

Decorating the upper half of the linchpin from the 11th century B.C.E. is the head and torso of a human-like figure with bulging eyes, a prominent curved nose and an elaborate mushroom-shaped headdress. The figure’s long neck is outfitted with what may be a hanging beaded necklace, or perhaps a coat of armor. Ashkelon excavator Lawrence Stager has noted the close similarities between the face and torso of the pin and the numerous long-necked Ashdoda figurines found in Iron Age Philistia, and believes the pin likely depicts a leading Philistine goddess. The Philistines, like their Canaanite and Egyptian neighbors who used similarly decorated linchpins, believed that such divine images would protect their chariots and chariot teams from enemy attack.

Related Posts

Nov 24
BAR Test Kitchen: Samosas

By: Jennifer Drummond

Biblical Bread Baking
Nov 23
Biblical Bread: Baking Like the Ancient Israelites

By: Cynthia Shafer-Elliott

Sukkot
Nov 21
Eat, Drink, and Be Merry

By: Megan Sauter

Figurines in place of child sacrifice 2
Nov 15
Child Sacrifice in Biblical Phoenicia

By: Nathan Steinmeyer


13 Responses

  1. Greg Jensen says:

    Doesn’t look like any of the other cultures, so I would say, E.

  2. federico l. sayson jr. says:

    my answer is letter. E

  3. Larry says:

    I think it is a dipstick for a machine that moved big monument stones.

  4. Penny Zerr says:

    If it is a hairpin, whomever wore it would need a really large head to keep something 7″ long in her hair. I believe it is a ceremonial tent peg.

  5. BJ Williams says:

    Hairpin

  6. Paul L James says:

    Long as it is I think it is A, the Egyptians did have some elaborate wigs.

  7. Barbara Shelby says:

    It looks like it could be silver! I guess it is a hair pin. I have seen ten that long.

  8. Michele says:

    E tent stake

  9. Theresa says:

    I say (E). To big for (A). too small for (B), too plain for (C), no wear for (D).

  10. Woody says:

    Looks like a tent stake (E)

  11. Galyn Wiemers says:

    E…i think it is a tent peg, and it looks decorated…so, the only answer that fits is an Edomite ceremonial tent stake, i guess???

  12. A Owen says:

    Ok, I’ll bite. I’ll guess A

  13. Brian Morse says:

    I’ll guess (A)

Write a Reply or Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


13 Responses

  1. Greg Jensen says:

    Doesn’t look like any of the other cultures, so I would say, E.

  2. federico l. sayson jr. says:

    my answer is letter. E

  3. Larry says:

    I think it is a dipstick for a machine that moved big monument stones.

  4. Penny Zerr says:

    If it is a hairpin, whomever wore it would need a really large head to keep something 7″ long in her hair. I believe it is a ceremonial tent peg.

  5. BJ Williams says:

    Hairpin

  6. Paul L James says:

    Long as it is I think it is A, the Egyptians did have some elaborate wigs.

  7. Barbara Shelby says:

    It looks like it could be silver! I guess it is a hair pin. I have seen ten that long.

  8. Michele says:

    E tent stake

  9. Theresa says:

    I say (E). To big for (A). too small for (B), too plain for (C), no wear for (D).

  10. Woody says:

    Looks like a tent stake (E)

  11. Galyn Wiemers says:

    E…i think it is a tent peg, and it looks decorated…so, the only answer that fits is an Edomite ceremonial tent stake, i guess???

  12. A Owen says:

    Ok, I’ll bite. I’ll guess A

  13. Brian Morse says:

    I’ll guess (A)

Write a Reply or Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Send this to a friend