The Museum of the Bible in the Spotlight

Washington, D.C. Bible museum invites dialogue


An artistic rendering of the Museum of the Bible. Image: Museum of the Bible.

A new museum dedicated to the best-selling book of all time will open next month in Washington, D.C.—just three blocks from the U.S. Capitol. The Museum of the Bible is large and impressive. With a total square footage of 430,000, the museum boasts six floors, including part of a recreated first-century C.E. Jewish village, a ballroom, a performing arts hall, a rooftop garden with Biblical plants, and a 140-foot-long LED screen on the ceiling of the museum’s lobby. It would take a visitor 72 hours to see every artifact, read every placard, and participate in all of the museum’s activities.

The Museum of the Bible’s primary objective is to “invite all people to engage with the Bible.” The museum aims to present the Bible factually, broadly, and creatively and—by making the Bible open and accessible—to allow all people to participate in a dialogue about this significant text. Yet it is amid criticism and praise alike that the Museum of the Bible will open its doors to the public on November 17, 2017.


A 140-foot-long LED screen that will show spectacular scenes, including the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, runs the length of the lobby ceiling. Photo: Megan Sauter.

Chances are you’ve heard some of the controversy surrounding the Museum of the Bible in the months leading up to its opening. Rather than hide or pretend such issues don’t exist, the museum chose to address them directly. On October 17—one month before its opening day—the Museum of the Bible held a press conference featuring a panel of the museum’s leaders and academic consultants to “outline the rigorous process used to create content displayed throughout the museum and answer questions about the museum’s collection practices, some of which have been challenged.” In the first half of the press conference, the panel members addressed a variety of topics on the museum’s approach and exhibit content.

“We are not associated with any denomination,” explained Museum of the Bible vice president Steven Bickley with regard to the museum’s nonsectarian objective. “We embrace different faith traditions.”

“We invite people to engage with the history, narrative, and impact of the Bible,” said museum president Cary Summers.

To that end, the museum’s main exhibit space is comprised of three floors, each dedicated to the history, narrative, and impact of the Bible. 2,840 artifacts round out the museum’s collection; of these, 2,100 are Torah scrolls, said Summers.

Our free eBook Ten Top Biblical Archaeology Discoveries brings together the exciting worlds of archaeology and the Bible! Learn the fascinating insights gained from artifacts and ruins, like the Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem, where the Gospel of John says Jesus miraculously restored the sight of the blind man, and the Tel Dan inscription—the first historical evidence of King David outside the Bible.

When the panel took questions from the media, one word dominated the conversation: provenance. An artifact’s provenance is its record of ownership. Such a record can provide information on its place of origin and corroborate its authenticity.

In July, the Hobby Lobby corporation—owned by the Green family, who led the effort to create the Museum of the Bible—had agreed to pay a $3 million fine to settle a Department of Justice civil complaint for the purchase of thousands of artifacts believed to have been smuggled out of Iraq. The antiquities dealers working with Hobby Lobby falsified the objects’ provenances in order to import the objects legally into the U.S. Since then, Museum of the Bible leaders and consultants have had to field questions concerning the museum’s acquisition policy and the nature of the artifacts in its collection, as a core of the objects are from the Green family.


Finishing touches are being applied to the Museum of the Bible one month before its opening day. Photo: Robin Ngo.

David Trobisch, director of museum collections, said that the museum’s acquisition policy has become “very strict” since he joined the leadership team in 2014. He reported that half of the museum’s collection came from the Green family, and about 30 objects that had been planned to be displayed in the museum had to be removed following the civil complaint.

Museum leaders said that in the future, they hope to establish a section introducing visitors to the topic of provenance and to make available an online catalog providing comprehensive information on the museum’s collection. These will not, however, be ready by the museum’s opening day.

Gordon Campbell, a fellow in renaissance studies at the University of Leicester who contributed to the museum’s history and impact galleries, said that the museum’s online catalog will aspire to be like that of the National Gallery in London.

“Every item in the collection will expose everything known,” including its provenance, said Campbell. “The information will be in the public domain.”


A viewing gallery, gathering room, restaurant, and Biblical garden can be found on the sixth floor of the Museum of the Bible. Visible from this floor are some famous D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument and the U.S. Capitol. Photo: Robin Ngo.

But what about the artifacts whose authenticity are currently under scrutiny, including several Dead Sea Scroll fragments in the museum collection that paleographer Kipp Davis, a research fellow at Trinity Western University, believes are fake?

“Any items that we have with gaps [in their provenance] we will discuss,” promised Summers.

“Objects will be displayed with an explanation of the problem,” added Lawrence Schiffman, Judge Abraham Lieberman Professor of Hebrew and Judaic Studies and the Director of the Global Institute for Advanced Research in Jewish Studies at New York University. Schiffman lent his expertise to the history and narrative galleries of the museum.

The press conference made it clear that the museum has consulted numerous scholars about its content and—when necessary—adjusted its content based on those scholars’ feedback. It seems likely that the museum’s narrative will continue to change and diversify in the future. The conference also affirmed that the Museum of the Bible invites all—even its skeptics—to come, learn about the Bible, and take part in this dialogue.


Related reading in Bible History Daily:

Biblical History at What Cost? by Roberta Mazza
Hobby Lobby, the Museum of the Bible and the antiquities market

Five Museum of the Bible Dead Sea Scrolls Are Fake by Robert Cargill

Museum of the Bible: Part Museum, Part Holy Land Experience

Lawrence H. Schiffman on the Dead Sea Scrolls’ History

Sold to the Highest Bidder: Antiquities as Cash Cows
The case of the AIA-St. Louis Society and the Treasure of Harageh


11 Responses

  1. Ana M. Anchondo says:

    Congratulations to all involved in the completion of this huge commitment. I live in El Paso, Texas; too far away from the museum, but hope to be able to visit it in the future. The views showed to us through this web page are awesome! May God bless you all!

  2. J_Bob says:

    It’s a shame that the Green family is being targeted by some who would also like to diminish their effort to present the Bible to a larger audience.

    If one were to look at the history of antiquities, and how they were acquired, there would be plenty of dirty linen to go around. One could start with many items from the “Fertile Crescent” acquired by museums including the Codex Sinaiticus, Dead Sea Scrolls, etc

    So to single out the Green guilty of breaking laws, is against the basic principal of justice, that one is innocent until proven guilty, as well as an apparent attempt to diminish this museum.

  3. Harry le Roux says:

    Would’ve loved to see and roam the museum but living in SA it is not possible, however I wish you guys success with this project.

  4. Patricia Hopkins says:

    So impressive! Excited that our granddaughter got to be part of the dig in Israel this summer. I really hope to see this museum some day!

  5. Rick Lucier says:

    Is any other museum told what they can display and is fined for having certain articles. Do the Dead Sea Scrools have a complete provenance? I’m looking forward to my next trip to D.C. To see your museum – I’m sure it is great. Pass on a thank you much to the Green family for making this possible.

  6. Wes Mahan says:

    This is clearly an evangelistic project by Hobby Lobby’s Green family, who have been in the forefront of denying civil rights to the LGBTQ community and been behind Trump and a raft of the other repulsive conservative crusades. The fact that the Green family were willing to willing to break laws in order to smuggle artifacts into the country, for inclusion into this museum, should be proof of their questionable ethics. Please do not support this farce of a museum (no matter how much money was spent to make it look professional and “non-sectarian”. It’s as sectarian as it gets.

  7. Lee Martin McDonald says:

    Every museum has to deal with challenges to provenance issues and some debates continue even in the best of museums. Obviously, that is the same here. I appreciate the work and research that went into forming this museum and I look forward to visit the Bible Museum on my next visit to Washington D.C.

  8. Paul Bowden says:

    Very interesting. Hope there are elevators because I can’t handle six flights of stairs. Best wishes on your project, I will be sure to include it on my agenda the next time I’m in DC.

  9. RD Looman says:

    Sounds like this would be (at least) ’72 hours’ well spent.

    Is there currently, or is there plans for, a section in the library displaying features of the secret bible codes, as they are commonly referred to?

    Has the Vatican offered to donate, or loan any of its vast resources to the library?

    Is there an admission fee?

  10. A. David Beaman, Ph.D. says:

    Personally, I would never visit this museum and would never purchase anything from Hobby Lobby, nor any business owned by the Green family.

  11. Paula says:

    This museum will always be tainted by the story of its acquistiion of objects. They paid $3 million to make the story go away. It shouldn’t. What a shame that this resource is forever linked with Hobby Lobby and its right wing activism, as well as its shady dealings with antiquities dealers.

Write a Reply or Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Send this to a friend