Excavators at the prominent Biblical site of Hazor in northern Israel have discovered part of a sphinx belonging to one of the pyramid-building pharaohs. All that remains of the small granite statue is the base holding the paws and part of the forearms of the sphinx. A hieroglyphic inscription between the front legs bears the name of the Egyptian king Menkaure, who ruled in the IVth Dynasty (c. 2500 B.C.) and was one of the builders of the famed Giza pyramids. According to Hazor excavators Amnon Ben-Tor and Sharon Zuckerman, both of the Hebrew University, no other sphinx belonging to Menkaure has been found anywhere in the world, including Egypt. Even more incredibly, this is the only piece of royal sphinx sculpture ever found in the Levant. The excavators estimate that the entire statue measured 5 feet long and 1.5 feet high.
Read more about the sphinx discovered at Hazor.
Hazor Excavations’ Amnon Ben-Tor Reveals Who Conquered Biblical Canaanites
Where Are the Royal Archives at Tel Hazor?
Crafty Israelites: Iron Age Crafts at Tel Hazor
Scorched Wheat May Provide Answers on the Destruction of Canaanite Tel Hazor
In Hazor: Canaanite Metropolis, Israelite City, a popular summary of 30 excavation seasons by long-time Hazor dig director Amnon Ben-Tor, discover ancient Hazor’s remarkable history.
Sharon Zuckerman, “Where Is the Hazor Archive Buried?” Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2006.
Amnon Ben-Tor, “Who Destroyed Canaanite Hazor?” Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 2013.
Amnon Ben-Tor, “Excavating Hazor, Part One: Solomon’s City Rises from the Ashes,” Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 1999.
Amnon Ben-Tor and Maria Teresa Rubiato, “Excavating Hazor, Part Two: Did the Israelites Destroy the Canaanite City?” Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1999.
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In the Bible Hazor was one of the cities destroyed by Joshua as the Israelites invaded Canaanite territory. Previous finds at Hazor include other small Egyptian artifacts – Egyptian axe. My date for Joshua crossing over the Jordan is c.1418 BC. When the Israelites left Egypt they took Egyptian artifacts and weapons with them. So it is not surprising to find some of these Egyptian artifacts at Hazor, although I doubt that they would have lugged a five foot statue of a deceased Pharaoh with them. Some commentators like James Cameron have previously identified the Hyksos as the Israelites. To conclude that the Hyksos took this statue with them bears the same problem, why?
[…] Rare Egyptian Sphinx Fragment Discovered at HazorFor more on the Hazor excavations, read the BibleJefferson's Bible. Read more … » History Daily feature Hazor Excavations’ Amnon Ben-Tor Reveals Who Conquered Biblical Canaanites. […]
You’ve probably heard of “the Egyptian Sphinx mystery”?
Jonathan Gray shares some fascinating secrets about its true age.
So how old is the Sphinx – really?
On the plateau of Giza west of Cairo, Egypt, sits the Great Sphinx of Giza, a statue 240 feet long, with a lion’s body and a human head wearing the headdress of the Pharaohs.
[…] the ongoing excavations at Hazor, in northern Israel, the fore section of a royal sphinx has been uncovered. The large fragment is […]