Bible and archaeology news
The Israelite defeat at Aphek and subsequent loss of the Ark of the Covenant to the Philistines in the First Book of Samuel is related to destruction of Shiloh elsewhere in the Hebrew Bible.
In the BAR article “Shiloh Yields Some, But Not All, of Its Secrets,” Israel Finkelstein writes, “After defeating the Israelites, the Philistines apparently took advantage of their victory to press on up to the hills and burn Shiloh to the ground. The Bible does not explicitly report the destruction of Shiloh, but the fiery end is alluded to a number of times in the Book of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 7:12–14, 26:6, 26:9) and in Psalms (78:60). Hundreds of years after the Philistine destruction of Shiloh, the prophet warns the people in the name of the Lord:
‘Just go to My place at Shiloh, where I had established my name formerly, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of My people Israel … Therefore I will do to the House which bears My name, on which you rely, and to the place which I gave you and your fathers just what I did to Shiloh’ (Jeremiah 7:12, 14).”
BAS Library Members, read Israel Finkelstein’s “Shiloh Yields Some, But Not All, of Its Secrets” as it appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review.
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