Investigating the Queen of Sheba and her kingdom
Who is the Queen of Sheba? In the Bible we are introduced to an unnamed queen from the land of Sheba who travels to Jerusalem to meet King Solomon (see 1 Kings 10; 2 Chronicles 9). Accompanied by many attendants and camels, the Queen of Sheba brings a large quantity of spices, gold and precious stones with her. She is drawn to Jerusalem because of Solomon’s fame, and she tests the king with hard questions. Solomon is able to answer them all.
Impressed by Solomon’s wisdom—and by the riches of his kingdom—she proclaims, “Your wisdom and prosperity far surpass the report that I had heard” (1 Kings 10:7). The queen gives King Solomon 120 talents of gold, precious stones and the largest quantity of spices ever brought to Jerusalem (1 Kings 10:10). In return King Solomon gives her gifts and “every desire that she expressed” (1 Kings 10:13). After receiving these gifts, the queen returns to the land of Sheba with her retinue.
The Biblical account of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon ends there, but later Jewish, Christian and Islamic sources have elaborated the story—adding details to the famous queen’s visit. In his article “Where Is the Land of Sheba—Arabia or Africa?” published in the September/October 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, Bar Kribus investigates the location of the land of Sheba and looks at the figure of the Queen of Sheba—both in the Bible and in a text called the Kebra Nagast.
Dated between the 6th–14th centuries C.E., the Kebra Nagast (The Glory of Kings) is an important text to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. It names the Queen of Sheba as the beautiful queen Makeda and identifies the land of Sheba as ancient Ethiopia. Kribus thoroughly examines the latter claim in his article “Where Is the Land of Sheba—Arabia or Africa?”
According to the Kebra Nagast, Queen Makeda travels to Jerusalem and has a love affair with King Solomon. Makeda then returns to the land of Sheba—giving birth to a son, Menelik, along the way. Menelik is raised in Ethiopia, but when he turns 22, he travels to Jerusalem to meet his father. King Solomon is delighted with his firstborn son and tries in vain to convince Menelik to remain in Israel and succeed him as king. However, Menelik chooses to return to the land of Sheba. Solomon sends the firstborn sons of Israel’s elders with his son from Israel to Ethiopia, and the Ark of the Covenant travels with them. To this day, many Ethiopians believe that the Ark of the Covenant resides within the Chapel of the Tablet next to the Church of Maryam Tsion in Aksum, Ethiopia.
Ethiopians claim the Queen of Sheba as part of their heritage, and through her union with King Solomon, Ethiopians also claimed a connection between their kings and the Davidic monarchy of Israel. Bar Kribus explains: “Their [Ethiopian] kings were seen as direct descendants of the House of David, rulers by divine right.”
But is the land of Sheba truly ancient Ethiopia, as purported by the Kebra Nagast? Archaeological and historical sources document a Kingdom of Saba (Sheba) during Biblical times in modern-day Yemen. Those in ancient Ethiopia were fully aware of the Kingdom of Saba in southern Arabia—and sometimes even appropriated aspects of their culture.
Where is the land of Sheba? Is it in Africa or Arabia? Bar Kribus wades through history, archaeology, tradition and legend as he pieces together the story of the Queen of Sheba and investigates the land of Sheba. Who has the rightful claim to the Queen of Sheba? Read Kribus’s surprising conclusion in “Where Is the Land of Sheba—Arabia or Africa?” in the September/October 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review.
Expedition Claims Evidence of Queen of Sheba Found in Ethiopia
This Bible History Daily feature was originally published on August 31, 2016.
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[…] Who Is the Queen of Sheba in the Bible? – Biblical … […]
[…] Who Is the Queen of Sheba in the Bible? […]
She is Queen of Cebu from the Phlippine
Menelik I (originally named Ebna la-Hakim, “Son of the Wise”), first Jewish Emperor of Ethiopia, is traditionally believed to be the son of King Solomon of ancient Israel and Makeda, Queen of Sheba and ruled around 950 BC, according to traditional sources. Tradition credits him with bringing the Ark of the Covenant to Ethiopia, following a visit to Jerusalem to meet his father upon reaching adulthood.
According to the Kebra Nagast, King Solomon had intended on sending one son of each of his nobles and one son each of each temple priest with Menelik upon his return to his mother’s kingdom. He is supposed to have had a replica made of the Ark for them to take with them, but the son of Zadok the High Priest secretly switched the replica with the real Ark, and brought it into Ethiopia where it is said to remain to this day in the ancient town of Axum.
Upon the death of Queen Makeda, Menelik assumed the throne with the new title of Emperor and King of Kings of Ethiopia. According to legend, he founded the Solomonic dynasty of Ethiopia that ruled Ethiopia with few interruptions for close to three thousand years and 225 generations later ended with the fall of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974
This is very simple. Queen of Sheba CANNOT BE WHITE!!!! NO white people
(Gentiles) in biblical times occupied or lived in Africa or the Middle East…Even to this day. Here is Wisdom…Hypothetical, if she was from Arabia, this would make her a “Shemite”. Remember the story of ESAU(Edom)…Jacob twin brother? Esau is the progenitor of the EDOMITES who are ARABS, Who speak ARABIC, and live in ARABIA. Esau was born of Isaac who is a Shemite Hebrew. That makes Esau a Shemite Edomite. The bible says “They were separated” !!! If I hear one more IGNORANT Black person that says the “Edomites” is the white man, I will scream. My point is…Queen Sheba was Black regardless of whether she from Arabia or Africa. Let me make this clear. Queen Sheba was a “HAMITE” which makes her a African. She is a descendant of ” Cush” who are the Ethiopians.
also, the problem with modern day theologians and historians, they forget that people in biblical times were always described with either black skin or, olive skin. olive skin color is only slightly lighter than black and, even to this day, people with olive skin color are referred to as light black people. the biggest mis-interpettation of skin color is seen in the pictures of Jesus as a white man but, the bible is very clear his skin color was olive skin or, would be considered black, by today’s standards.
I also believe it is not fair to say the queen of Shebia was white. She was from AFRICA!!! So get the facts right.
Didn’t you know by now? EVERYBODY in the Bible is WHITE! And if you dare say otherwise…
no I think she was from Cebu in the Philippines
why do “historians” try so hard to conceal African wealth and heritage? Abyssinia( Ethiopia) is not and was never a part of the Yemen territory. She took to Solomon 4.5 tons of Gold. Queen Makeda is BLACK from Eastern Africa not white as depicted in the photoraph above. Sheba is in Africa not Arabia….. Sheba is old swahili which means copper… ‘ The land of Copper’….
A pity records were always kept by these Kings and Queens by their scribes , then how is it possible that to this day no accurate truth to this stories of any earlier history.
Sheba is a kingdom in Yemen. Balqees is a queen born in Yemen. I wonder why some people tell and write lies! Grow up!
Raplh.. very interesting where did you read that.. would like to read more about this
The Queen of Sheba?
She was Bathsheba. They don’t want to say, but King David’s historical name was Pa-Seba (another story). And the mother of Bathsheba was the Pharaoh’s daughter who married King David. Bath Sheba means Daughter of Sheba, the daughter of King David. But King David eventually took Bath Sheba as his wife, so Bath Sheba became Malkah Sheba, or the Daughter of Sheba became the Queen of Sheba (the Queen of King David). And they had a son – Solomon.
Malkah Sheba then moved to the south of Egypt. When she eventually came back to the royal court to meet her now famous son, she did so with great pomp and ceremony befitting a princess of Egypt. This was the story of the Queen of Sheba that we are familiar with, but it was actually mother meeting son. Perhaps you can see what they wanted to keep all of this quiet…
See Solomon Pharaoh of Egypt. (When is says she was the Queen of the South, it meant Queen of Upper Egypt…)
This was a great read,,,,but I’m still scratching my head. LOL for you see, I came hear to hopefully understand why as a young child I gave my oldest sister this nickname?! in my young eyes I saw her as a mean and extremely bossy “Queen a Sheba!!!” lol. kids,,,,go figure!!! so now my sister is about to turn 60 years old, still as bossy as ever!! LOL I love her so much!!! (I am surprised to hear that about the Queen and King Solomon!!! I will dig deeper into that whole thing, THANK YOU!!! Sincerely, Darlene 9/20/18
Thank you for for rich understanding! Today i’am Reading Matt, and see where the Queen of Sheba was mentioned by Jesus! Beautiful workThank you! Mike Hendon Sparks Nevada 8/14/18
1.The Queen of Sheba is not from Ethiopia she is from Ophir (I Kings 10:1-13),Sheba was the brother of Ophir (Genesis 10:27-29). Sheba is from Islands in the Eastern border known in Hebrew word as QDM (Psalms 72;10) same is true with Ophir, In Matthew 12:42 it is known as the utmost part of the world meaning Eastern borther or South East Asia. Ophir is the modern day Philippines and Sheba is the Old name of Cebu Philippines the land of Gold. Read Rizal Code La Pluma de Sangre by Dr. RV Narag.
2.The Queen of Sheba was born in 1020 BCE in Ophir, and educated in Ethiopia. Her mother was Queen Ismenie. Sheba was known to be beautiful, intelligent, understanding, resourceful, and adventurous. Vancouver Grand Masonic Day, October 16, 1999
by VW Bro. Art Scott, Victoria Columbia Lodge No. 1
Augustus Henry Keane – 1969 – Snippet view – More editions
Thus also ‘the gold of Sheba’ becomes ‘the gold of Ophir,’ that is, of the Sabaean emporium, the frankincense land, and importer of this gold from abroad.
This is false story of quran
If u need my advise donot believe the quran because the quran and Alah was came now may be their age is 1440 only
But queen Sheba or our Ethiopian Queen has more than 3000 years age
First, the ark of covenant is not in the Ethiopian, ready the Bible the book of revelation 11:19.
Second, I don’t believe any other book accept bible, bible is the world and the real word of God , all the things says in the bible is happening, read through new testament, so what Bible says about Queen sheba is true.
First, the ark of covenant is not in the Ethiopian, ready the Bible the book of revelation 11:19.
Second, I don’t believe any other book accept bible is the world, all the things says in bible in happening, read through new testament, so what Bible says about Queen of sheba is true.
As a muslim, I do not believe in the Yemeni story, or that the “Queen was half a goat”, as this is quite offensive and non-sense, it’s clearly an invented tale; and in the Quran the name of the Queen of Sheba is not mentioned, so I do not believe it was “Bilqis”.
The Queen of Sheba is mentioned as a queen that used to worship the Sun, and that Prophet Solomon was sent to her to make her know The One God. After that, she and her people Submitted to God.
Then later on, her people went astray again by being ingrateful to God, and He caused them to be scattered to different communities.
Solomon is not a prophet, he is a Prince who later became the wisest king (correction mate)
I REALLY appreciate the information provided about Ethiopian and Qur’an-based beliefs on the topic of Sheba. It’s such a gift to be able to know of this information without learning to read other languages. Thank you so much!
My NIV speaks of “Sheba” in Luke 10 as the ‘Queen of the south,’ while also noting Jonah’s impact on Nineveh in relation to the arrival of ‘one greater that Jonah’ being Jesus, and discusses her visit with King Solomon in 1 Kings verse 10. In 1 Kings 10, the Queen visits King Solomon because she has heard of how wise he was. King Solomon had previously prayed for the gift of wisdom, which God granted him (in short) because of his humility. The Queen was completely impressed by how lavish and happy his kingdom was from the gift his God had given him. As a result, she gifted him and he gifted her aka they traded demographic goods.
An important component of Yemen’s claim on the Queen of Sheba is the name. We know that a great kingdom called Saba existed in Yemen during this period, and historians suggest that Saba is Sheba. Islamic folklore holds that the Sabean queen’s name was Bilqis.
According to Sura 27 of the Qu’ran, Bilqis and the people of Saba worshipped the sun as a god rather than adhering to Abrahamic monotheist beliefs. In this account, King Solomon sent her a letter inviting her to worship his God.
Bilqis perceived this as a threat and, fearing that the Jewish king would invade her country, was unsure how to respond. She decided to visit Solomon in person to find out more about him and his faith.
In the Qu’ran’s version of the story, Solomon enlisted the help of a djinn or genie that transported Bilqis’s throne from her castle to Solomon’s in the blink of an eye. The Queen of Sheba was so impressed with this feat, as well as Solomon’s wisdom, that she decided to convert to his religion.
Unlike the Ethiopian tale, in the Islamic version, there is no suggestion that Solomon and Sheba had an intimate relationship. One interesting facet of the Yemeni story is that Bilqis supposedly had goat hooves rather than human feet, either because her mother had eaten a goat while pregnant with her, or because she was herself a djinn.
People don’t get confused, queen of Sheba is simply Ethiopian. Go and see, u gonna believe it.
the truth will set you free Question: “What does it mean that ‘the truth will set you free’ (John 8:32)?”
Answer: “The truth will set you free” is a common saying in academic circles that want to promote academic freedom and the power of learning. Many universities have this statement emblazoned on a sign near the entrance of a building. But “the truth will set you free” did not originate in academia; Jesus said it in John 8:32. In context, Jesus’ statement has nothing to do with classroom learning. In fact, John 8:32 speaks of a higher form of knowledge than is capable of being learned in a classroom.
Jesus had just finished a speech at the temple where He delineated differences between Himself and His listeners. “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I am he, you will indeed die in your sins” (John 8:23–24). The result of Jesus’ message was that “even as he spoke, many believed in him” (verse 30). Then, in verse 31, Jesus begins to speak just to those who had believed.
“Jesus said, ‘If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples’” (John 8:31). True discipleship is more than intellectual assent; those who are “really” followers of Christ will “hold to” His Word. That means they will not only accept His teachings as truth, but they will also obey His teachings. Action is proof of faith (cf. James 2:17).
True disciples of Jesus believe that He speaks the truth about God and the Scriptures. They also know that He is who He claims to be. Back in verse 25, the people asked Jesus who He was, and He responded, “Just what I have been telling you from the beginning.” There may be a tinge of exasperation in His response; He had repeatedly made known that He was the Messiah, the one they had anticipated for many years.
Verse 32 begins with, “Then you will know the truth.” “You” refers to those who are true disciples of Jesus. True disciples will know the truth. More than that, their eyes are opened to a greater understanding of the truth (cf. 1 John 5:20).
The truth Jesus’ disciples receive brings with it freedom. Jesus continues, “And the truth will set you free” (verse 32). At that point in history, the Jews were under the rule of the Roman government. Even though Rome gave them an exceptional amount of autonomy, they were keenly aware of the Roman presence around them in the form of soldiers, governors, and empirically appointed kings. When Jesus said the truth would set them free, however, He was not talking about political freedom (though the following verses indicate that’s how the Jews took it). Jesus provides the best commentary for His own statement in verse 34. Jesus explains, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.” Being a slave to sin is the ultimate bondage.
The freedom Jesus offers is a spiritual freedom from the bondage of sin—that is, release from the lifestyle of habitual lawlessness. He continues with an analogy: “Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever” (verse 35). The people would have understood Jesus to mean that they were not members of God’s family, despite their biological relationship to Abraham (verse 37), because they were slaves to sin. If they were to become disciples of Jesus, they would know the truth of their condition and the truth about Christ, and Jesus would set them free. Believers would be freed from their bondage and brought into the family of God.
Jesus is the Truth (John 14:6). Knowing the Truth will set one at liberty—free from sin, free from condemnation, and free from death (Romans 6:22; 8:1–2). Jesus came to proclaim liberty to the captives (Luke 4:18). “Live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God” (1 Peter 2:16, ESV).
Recommended Resource: True Truth: Defending Absolute Truth in a Relativistic World by Art Lindsley
1 John 5New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Overcoming the World
5 Whoever believes that Jesus is the [a]Christ is [b]born of God, and whoever loves the [c]Father loves the child [d]born of Him. 2 By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and [e]observe His commandments. 3 For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not burdensome. 4 For whatever is [f]born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.
5 Who is the one who overcomes the world, but he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God? 6 This is the One who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ; not [g]with the water only, but [h]with the water and [i]with the blood. It is the Spirit who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth. 7 For there are three that testify: 8 [j]the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are [k]in agreement. 9 If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater; for the testimony of God is this, that He has testified concerning His Son. 10 The one who believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself; the one who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has given concerning His Son. 11 And the testimony is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. 12 He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life.
This Is Written That You May Know
13 These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life. 14 This is the confidence which we have [l]before Him, that, if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. 15 And if we know that He hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests which we have asked from Him.
16 If anyone sees his brother [m]committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and [n]God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this. 17 All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not leading to death.
18 We know that no one who is [o]born of God sins; but He who was [p]born of God keeps him, and the evil one does not touch him. 19 We know that we are of God, and that the whole world lies in the power of the evil one. 20 And we know that the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding so that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.
21 Little children, guard yourselves from idols.
1 John 5:1 I.e. Messiah
1 John 5:1 Or begotten
1 John 5:1 Lit one who begets
1 John 5:1 Or begotten
1 John 5:2 Lit do
1 John 5:4 Or begotten
1 John 5:6 Lit in
1 John 5:6 Lit in
1 John 5:6 Lit in
1 John 5:8 A few late mss add …in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one. And there are three that testify on earth, the Spirit
1 John 5:8 Lit for the one thing
1 John 5:14 Lit toward
1 John 5:16 Lit sinning
1 John 5:16 Or God will give him life, that is, to those who…
1 John 5:18 Or begotten
1 John 5:18 Or begotten
Genesis 1New King James Version (NKJV)
The History of Creation
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was[a] on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
this is God said in the old testament. all happened in old testament revealed in new testament
The Eternal Word
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend[a] it.
New International Version
The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. Hebrew 1:3
and He said:
John 14:6 New International Version (NIV)
6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
If you say there is no God then who created you?who created the earth on which you are walking on?Who created the sky that covers us.Who created the sun and the moon?Tell me was it by magic that those things came into existence.Since cars were created by human beings so as human beings were created by THE SUPREME CREATOR
there are so many religions, which one is right – probably none of them. Wake up people. God could have written the message in the stars if they were all powerful. There wouldn’t be diseases, natural disasters, poisonous chemicals, mental illness etc. if they were all loving. There wouldn’t be contradictions in the bible and other religious text, infact there would ATLEAST only be one religious text and no confusion about which god to follow, because if there was a god they would make sure that everyone knows there is ONE god. and they wouldn’t put it in some stupid book, and likeI said, they could write it in the stars with their god powers, I’m sure they would have some imagination being god and all. Logically this boils down to two conclusions – God doesn’t give a shit about us or what we think of him/her/it? OR more likely, there is no god. Don’t worry, its probably best this way, we don’t need a god we just need each other, we need to look out for our fellow man and woman and support each other, we don’t need no magical being because we are strong and we have each other. The end.
This informational website gives a well elaborated & detailed episodes of King Solomon n Queen of Shebas meeting n their life ,which remains little in complete in Bible,well researched,it even gives the most likely location of the ark of the covenant, loved this site,keep it up
Imanuel Velikofsky in his book
“Ages in chaos” shows historically
that the “Queen of Sheba” was none other than the queen pharaoh “Hatshuput”
He substantiates this with many
historical evidences. When she returned to Egypt from her visit with King Solomon
she had erected a temple as never before seen . The architecture was like none other in Egypt before or after. The design
was a facsimile of King Solomons temple
in Jerusalem..stepped design.. terraced
gardens surrounding etc..His discussion
of this topic includes an examination of
a carved stone bas relief cataloging the
booty looted from the temple by one of her successors ..I believe Tutmose III if
my memory serves correctly. If you take
a look at what Velikofsky found…In his book “Ages In Chaos” I hope you will find it interesting as I have. .I am a craftsman
a shipwright in Ballard. Some how I find
ancient history fascinating. .enjoy…M
Well Mel! here is the truth…The English word for “God” has become a source of confusion for Christians since at least the Anglo-Saxon era. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary says that the origin of the word ‘god’ comes from a Germanic word ‘gad,’ pronounced as “gohdt.”
The following information on the origin of the word ‘god’ will help to understand why we use it in our vernacular.
GOD – The English word God is identical with the Anglo-Saxon word for “good,” and therefore it is believed that the name God refers to the divine goodness. (See Oehler’s Theol. of Old Test.; Strong’s and Young’s concordances.) (From New Unger’s Bible Dictionary)
Further information on the source of our word for ‘God’ is listed below:
Word origin: God – Our word god goes back via Germanic to Indo-European, in which a corresponding ancestor form meant “invoked one.” The word’s only surviving non-Germanic relative is Sanskrit hu, invoke the gods, a form which appears in the Rig Veda, most ancient of Hindu scriptures: puru-hutas, “much invoked,” epithet of the rain-and-thunder god Indra.
Now if the sources noted above are accurate, then the word that we use for the Supreme Being, God, comes from a very pagan origin. Thus the word god is used generically by many different religions to refer to their deity or “invoked one.”
well here’s a shock for you Mel ,which god are you talking about as you quite rightly say the Qua-ran is of the devil, well so is the word of god you are talking about, as Yahuwah (Yahweh) is not god and his word is only the 5 books of Moses and the book of revelation. those are the only word that came from Yahuwah our father in heaven. it was man that created the the word of god for our father said my name is above all names. not I am the god above all gods. god, lord, are but titles and any thing else we want to call him is a title .FOR HIS NAME IS YAHUWAH. AND THE SONS NAME IS YAHUSHUA. NOT JESUS AS JESUS ONLY CAME INTO THE BIBLE AROUND 1611 HE WAS AN ARAMAIC HEBREW NOT ENGLISH OR ANY OTHER NAME IN ANY OTHER LANGUAGE. So now we do have a problem and that is his word. his word has changed first by the Hebrew nation to Elohim , then by the Catholics which actually created the bible (72 books) in 395 ad and then by Martin Luther in 1611 66 books which all the bibles follow today in his format. SO NOW WHICH WORD ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT.
Anything written in the qaran cannot be trusted as it is satanic in nature..only that written in the Holy Bible as word of God can be trusted..there is NO allah, another name for satan,the liar
The story of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba as told in the Koran
Prophet-King David’s son, Solomon, was destined for great things than his father. He succeeded his father as a king and a prophet, and was given, like his father, sound judgment and lore. Solomon was taught the languages of animals, and Allah subjected for Solomon the wind, blowing by his order towards the land upon which Allah have blessed –– Jerusalem.
From among all humankind, King Solomon was the only king who ruled both human beings and jinn with a strong sway, and his kingdom’s army comprised soldiers of the human, the jinn, and the birds. Under the control of King Solomon worked every builder and diver of the Satan, who constructed to him whatever he wished of chapels, statues, and cooking pots, removable ones and immobile huge others.
While he was one day marching in the vanguard of his amazing army, they approached a valley filled with ants. “O ants,” said an ant to its fellow ants, “enter your houses, lest Solomon and his soldiers crush you unconsciously!” The magnificent king smiled at her saying, and said in prayer, “My Lord! Inspire me to give thanks for the boon You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents; and inspire me to do a good deed that make You content of me; and regard me, by Your Bless, as one of Your benevolent slaves.”
Once, on inspecting the condition of his army, King Solomon noticed that the hoopoe was absent, and the matter stirred his anger. “What about the hoopoe? Why I do not see it? Is it absent? I will put it to torture, or will slaughter it, except it could introduce an accepted reason of his absence.”
Before long, the hoopoe came and reasoned its absence. “I have come acquainted with what you knew not; and brought forth to you from Sheba true news. I have found that their kingdom is ruled by a woman, who has been given of every kind of regalia; and found them worshiping the sun instead of Allah.”
“We will find out whether you are truthful or being of the liars,” retorted the just monarch, who ordered that a message should be written to that queen, calling her to submit peacefully to him. “Go with this writing of mine and cast it to them;” dictated the king to his messenger, the hoopoe, “then turn away and watch what they will decide!”
The hoopoe duly acted on the orders. It travelled back to Sheba, cast the message onto the throne, and lurked to hear the decision. When the queen entered the hall and found Solomon’s message, she read it and at once called out to their chancellors. She was indeed a democratic one, and so she did not issue any orders before listening to their opinions.
“We are of great power, and of a great experience of warfare,” said the majority of her chancellors, “and the procedures are to you; see what your decision is.”
“When kings enter a town, they turn the nobles of it into humiliated citizens,” replied the astute queen, after a short while of thinking. “I shall send to them a gift, and shall wait for their reply to our legate.”
The hoopoe carried this to King Solomon, and when the queen’s messengers arrived they were reproached for such a bribe, and were also informed that, if they would not submit, the king would certainly march against them with soldiers that they could not match with. The legate returned with this decision, and the queen could do nothing but comply.
When the arrangements for the delegation of Sheba were made, a magnificent procession, headed by the queen herself, started off to Jerusalem. King Solomon was informed of the news, and ordered that the Queen of Sheba’s throne should be brought from her land before her arrival. He investigated who among his courtiers could accomplish this mission as soon as possible.
“I can bring it to you before you break up this meeting,” said a demon of the jinn, but another one, who had had lore of the Book, said that he could brought it in a trice. The King consented, and the demon dully accomplished his promise. When Solomon found the throne settles before him, he prayed: “That is of my Lord God’s Favor to test me whether I shall thank or deny.”
The throne was disguised to see whether the queen would be guided or would she be of those who never be guided, and on her arrival it was shown to her.
“Is your throne like this?” she was asked.
“it was almost like it,” she replied.
King Solomon smiled and then invited her to enter the edifice, whose ground was made up of mirrors. The queen thought that she was going to ford through a water pool, and so she tucked up her dress. When the king revealed to her the fact of the edifice’s ground, she announced: “My Lord God! I had wronged myself; and now I am submitted with Solomon to Allah, the Lord of existence.”