Bible Versions and Translations

Bible Versions and Translations

Codex Sinaiticus

Oct 5

What’s Missing from Codex Sinaiticus, the Oldest New Testament?

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

Compare differences in the Biblical text between the King James Version and Codex Sinaiticus, the oldest New Testament.

Gospel of Thomas (Sayings of Jesus) from the Nag Hammadi

Sep 17

The Gospel of Thomas’s 114 Sayings of Jesus

By: BAS Staff

Read the 114 sayings of Jesus from the Gospel of Thomas as translated by Stephen J. Patterson and James M. Robinson.


Aug 15

The Sayings of Jesus in the Gospel of Thomas

By: Robin Ngo

New Testament scholar Simon Gathercole examines what the sayings of Jesus in the Gospel of Thomas reveal about the early Christian world in which they were written.


Jul 27

The “Original” Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls

By: Noah Wiener

More than 200 Biblical texts written in Hebrew were discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. How do these ancient Biblical texts compare with the Masoretic Text and the Greek Septuagint in scholars’ search for the most authoritative text of the Hebrew Bible?

May 23

Errors in the Masoretes’ “Original” Hebrew Manuscripts of the Bible?

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

The Hebrew Bible today differs from the Bible manuscripts of the first millennium B.C.E. How do we identify alterations? Learn why critical editions of the Bible are essential.

The Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Apr 25

The Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls

By: BAS Staff

Do insights from the Dead Sea Scrolls add to the Masoretic text, and if so, should the original Hebrew Bible text be modified based this information? Scholars from both sides of the divide weigh in on this issue.


Mar 21

James or Jacob in the Bible?

By: Mark Wilson

How did the Jewish name Ya’akov, properly translated as Jacob, become James in English versions of the Bible?

Arabic Colophon

Feb 12

Dating the Oldest New Testament Christian Manuscripts

By: Marek Dospěl

The New Testament that we read today in many different translations is not based on one single manuscript of the original Greek text. Why? There […]

Oct 26

Writing the Good News

By: John Drummond

When we study the Bible, we often ask ourselves critical and important questions: Who wrote the Bible and when? For whom did its authors write […]

Comparing Ancient Biblical Manuscripts

Sep 8

Comparing Ancient Biblical Manuscripts

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

Until it was damaged and partially lost, the Aleppo Codex was considered to be the “crown” of ancient Biblical manuscripts, and was the version of the Hebrew Bible that was ultimately considered the most authoritative text in Judaism. Its loss was an enormous blow to Jewish scholarship. However, another complete codex still exists: The Leningrad Codex. How does it compare to its more distinguished cousin?