Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls

Qumran, Aerial View

May 8

Who Were the Essenes?

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

A recent study has sought to determine by sophisticated methods whether Khirbet Qumran was home to a community of sectarian Jews, the Essenes.

Copper Scroll

Apr 26

Dating the Copper Scroll

By: Megan Sauter

In 1952, archaeologists found the Copper Scroll in a cave at the site of Qumran near the Dead Sea. Made of copper, the scroll stood […]

Moses Shapira, the man behind the Shapira Fragments

Apr 21

The Shapira Fragments

By: Jonathan Klawans

Followers of this blog may have heard that the 19th-century Shapira Affair[1] has resurfaced again. In March, 2021, a biblical scholar at the University of […]

The Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Apr 19

The Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

Do insights from the Dead Sea Scrolls add to the Masoretic text, and if so, should the original Hebrew Bible text be modified based this information? Scholars from both sides of the divide weigh in on this issue.

Jan 27

Scrolls Hidden During Bar Kokhba Revolt Discovered

By: Glenn Corbett

The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) announced in March, 2021 that explorations in the Judean desert south of Jerusalem revealed scores of new scroll fragments hidden […]

Sep 20

Qumran’s True Purpose Discovered?

By: Nathan Steinmeyer

Archaeologists have long puzzled over the exact function of Khirbet Qumran—the famous site located next to the caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found—since […]

Temple Scroll

Jul 8

Dead Sea Scrolls Genetically Fingerprinted

By: Jonathan Laden

The 25,000 fragments that make up the Dead Sea Scrolls are considered by many to be the archaeological discovery of the 20th century. They were […]

messianic-apocalypse-scroll

Jun 25

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament

By: Megan Sauter

What do the Dead Sea Scrolls say about Jesus? What do they say about the world in which Jesus lived? In BAR, James C. VanderKam examines the overlap between the Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament.

May 26

Josephus on the Essenes

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

Josephus’s commentaries on the laws and characteristics of the Essene community have been invaluable to scholars studying ancient Jewish laws and customs.

Facsimile of Great Isaiah Scroll

Apr 27

Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?

By: BAS Staff

A recent computer analysis of handwriting from the Great Isaiah Scroll—one of the longest and best preserved of the Dead Sea Scrolls—found the 54-column text was produced by two different scribes who apparently worked in shifts to complete the task.