Biblical Artifacts

Biblical Artifacts

17th-century bilingual collection of Christian exhortative texts. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Public Domain

May 10

What Is Coptic?

By: Marek Dospěl

Discover the fascinating history of Coptic, the final stage of the indigenous language of Egypt. Learn about its connection to ancient Egyptian and its significance in the Coptic Church.

Alabaster vessel of King Pepi I (2276–2228 BCE). The Walters Art Museum, Public Domain.

May 3

What Is Ancient Egyptian?

By: Marek Dospěl

The Egyptian language is the sole representative of an autonomous branch of the Afro-Asiatic (formerly Semito-Hamitic) language family. As such, Egyptian is related to both […]

Qumran, Aerial View

Apr 27

Who Were the Essenes?

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

A recent study has sought to determine by sophisticated methods whether Khirbet Qumran was home to a community of sectarian Jews, the Essenes.


Apr 21

10 Great Biblical Artifacts at the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem

By: David Moster

10 The Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem houses one of the world’s most important collections of Biblical artifacts.

The Copper Scroll. Found in a cave near the Dead Sea, the Copper Scroll describes a vast treasure—hidden in locations throughout the Judean wilderness. Photo: Courtesy École Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jérusalem

Apr 16

Dating the Copper Scroll

By: Megan Sauter

In 1952, archaeologists found the Copper Scroll in a cave at the site of Qumran near the Dead Sea. Made of copper, the scroll stood […]

The Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Apr 9

The Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls

By: BAS Staff

Do insights from the Dead Sea Scrolls add to the Masoretic text, and if so, should the original Hebrew Bible text be modified based this information? Scholars from both sides of the divide weigh in on this issue.

The oldest complete Book of Psalms in Coptic after restoration. Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.

Mar 29

The “Pillow Psalter” Returns

By: Marek Dospěl

One of the most treasured artifacts in the collections of the Coptic Museum in Cairo, the so-called Pillow Psalter, is back on display. Dating to […]

The early alphabetic inscription, dated to the mid-15th century B.C.E., was preserved on a tiny sherd of painted Late Bronze Age pottery imported from Cyprus. Image credit: Austrian Archaeological Institute/Austrian Academy of Sciences.

Mar 12

Early Alphabetic Writing Found at Lachish

By: BAS Staff

A newly published inscription from Tel Lachish in southern Israel is the earliest alphabetic writing discovered in the southern Levant. The fragmentary inscription features a mere handful of letters inscribed on a tiny pottery sherd, measuring just 4 by 3.5 cm. The sherd is dated by radiocarbon to the 15th century B.C.E., or the first part of the Late Bronze Age.

Mar 7

Puzzling Finds from Kuntillet ‘Ajrud

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

“Yahweh and his Asherah” is written across the top of this eighth-century B.C. drawing on a ceramic pithos from Kuntillet ‘Ajrud in the eastern Sinai. Some scholars have theorized that these figures resembling the Egyptian god Bes are in fact a drawing of God and his consort.

Moses Shapira

Mar 5

The Shapira Fragments

By: Jonathan Klawans

Followers of this blog may have heard that the 19th-century Shapira Affair[1] has resurfaced again. In March, 2021, a biblical scholar at the University of […]