The Ancient Near Eastern World

The Ancient Near Eastern World

edomite-goddess- qitmit

Apr 16

Who Were the Ammonites, Moabites and Edomites in the Bible?

By: Megan Sauter

During the Iron Age, when Israel and Judah ruled Canaan, the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab and Edom ruled east of the Jordan River. Recent archaeological discoveries vastly increase our understanding of these kingdoms and their religion.

Apr 7

The Destruction of Pompeii—God’s Revenge?

By: Hershel Shanks

The eruption of Mt. Vesuvius destroyed the opulent vacation destinations of Roman elites in August 79 C.E.—almost exactly nine years after Roman troops destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem. Did this seem like more than mere coincidence to the ancients?

Exodus in the Bible and the Egyptian Plagues

Mar 30

Exodus in the Bible and the Egyptian Plagues

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

The Book of Exodus describes ten Egyptian plagues that bring suffering to the land of pharaoh. Are these Biblical plagues plausible on any level?

akhenaten-thebes

Mar 19

Akhenaten and Moses

By: Robin Ngo

Pharaoh Akhenaten, who abolished the Egyptian pantheon and instituted worship of a single deity, the sun-disk Aten, in the mid-14th century B.C., may have established the world’s first monotheism. Did this influence the birth of Israelite monotheism?

eeckhout-judah-tamar

Mar 3

Sacred Prostitution in the Story of Judah and Tamar?

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

While some scholars suggest that temple prostitution was practiced in ancient Israel, Edward Lipiński argues that neither the Bible nor archaeology provides any clear evidence that Israelite religion incorporated the sexual rites of Canaanite goddesses.

tablets-of-jewish-exiles

Mar 2

How Bad Was the Babylonian Exile?

By: Biblical Archaeology Society Staff

Was there really weeping from the Judahite exiles by the rivers of Babylon? New evidence suggests that life was actually pretty good for some Judahite deportees and their successors.

Roman Coin from Geva

Feb 11

Roman Coin Discovered on Mt. Carmel

By: Jonathan Laden

A soldier found a rare coin during a training exercise, announced the Israel Antiquities Authority on February 9th, 2021. On the front, the coin shows […]

Olive pits found at Hishulei Carmel

Feb 8

Olives for Ancient Eating

By: Jonathan Laden

At the Hishulei Carmel excavation site under the Mediterranean sea, researchers have found two oval stone structures containing thousands of well-preserved olive pits. Because the […]

black-obelisk-shalmaneser-iii

Jan 24

10 Things to Know About the Assyrian Empire

By: Robin Ngo

The Assyrians referenced in the Hebrew Bible were a mighty force that exerted power over much of the Near East, including Israel and Judah, in the ninth through seventh centuries B.C.E.

Sargon II

Jan 20

The Qurnah Disaster

By: Samuel D. Pfister

In April 1855, a convoy carrying thousands of antiquities from French and British excavations in Mesopotamia set out from the city of Mosul, in modern-day […]