july-august-2014

Current Digital Issue July/August 2014 Vol. 40 No. 4

About this issue: Summer is finally here, so dive right into the July/August 2014 issue of BAR! In the siege of Herod’s desert fortress at Masada at the end of the First Jewish Revolt, the Romans waged both literal and psychological warfare to impress upon the Jewish rebels that their situation was hopeless. In “The Masada Siege—From the Roman Viewpoint,” Gwyn Davies examines the archaeological remains of the Roman siege works—the most complete surviving siege system of the ancient world. Read more…

The Masada Siege—From the Roman Viewpoint

Gwyn Davies

The Roman siege works at Masada is the most complete surviving siege system of the ancient world. The Romans consciously used psychological warfare to impress upon the Jewish rebels that their situation was hopeless. In the end, a siege ramp gave the Romans access to the rebels on top, leading to their decision to commit mass suicide rather than surrender. Read more…

Divided Kingdom, United Critics

The Forgotten Kingdom by Israel Finkelstein traces the development of the northern kingdom of Israel to an earlier time associated with the reign of King Saul. The work, recently awarded the prestigious Delalande-Guérineau prize, is critically reviewed by two prominent archaeologists. Read more…

Parsing “The Parting” Painting

Theodore Feder

The Marriage of the Virgin by Robert Campin depicts the very dawn of Christianity, when it was separating from—and superceding—Judaism. What does this 15th-century painting reveal about the parting of the ways between Church and Synagogue? Read more…

Searching for the “Original” Bible

Emanuel Tov

More than 200 Biblical texts written in Hebrew were discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. How do these ancient Biblical texts compare with the Masoretic Text and the Greek Septuagint in scholars’ search for the most authoritative text of the Hebrew Bible? Read more…

Infants Sacrificed? The Tale Teeth Tell

Patricia Smith

The Bible condemns infant sacrifice. Did it occur at Carthage? A new study concludes that it did. But this conclusion has not gone unchallenged. Read more…


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