Recent archaeological discoveries at Tel Habuwa (also known as Tell el-Habua or Tell-Huba), a site associated with ancient Tjaru (Tharo), shed new light on Ahmose’s campaign. A daybook entry in the famous Rhind Mathematical Papyrus notes that Ahmose seized control of Tjaru before laying siege the Hyksos at their capital in Avaris.
Josephus identifies the Israelite Exodus with the expulsion of the Hyksos “shepherd kings.” Read more about archaeological evidence for the Israelites in Egypt and new scholarship on the Exodus in our FREE eBook Ancient Israel in Egypt and the Exodus
Excavations at the site, located two miles east of the Suez Canal, have uncovered evidence of battle wounds on skeletons discovered in two-story administrative structures dating to the Hyksos and New Kingdom occupations. The site showed evidence of burned buildings, as well as massive New Kingdom grain silos that would have been able to feed a large number of Egyptian troops. After Ahmose took the city and defeated the Hyksos, he expanded the town and built several nearby forts to protect Egypt’s eastern border. Tjaru was first discovered in 2003, but until now, the excavation only uncovered the New Kingdom military fort and silos. This new discovery confirms a decisive moment in the expulsion of the Hyksos previously known from textual sources.
More on the Mediterranean Bronze Age in Bible History Daily
Related Content in the BAS Library
Hoffmeier, James K. “Out of Egypt.” Biblical Archaeology Review, Jan/Feb 2007, 30-41, 77.
Meinhardt, Jack. “Look on My Works: The many faces of Ramesses the Great.” Archaeology Odyssey, Sep/Oct 2003, 42-51.
Shanks, Hershel. “An Ancient Israelite House in Egypt?.” Biblical Archaeology Review, Jul/Aug 1993, 44-45.
Kempinski, Aharon. “Jacob in History.” Biblical Archaeology Review, Jan/Feb 1988, 42-47, 67.