In our free eBook Ten Top Biblical Archaeology Discoveries, learn the fascinating stories and insights gained from artifacts and ruins, like the Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem, where the Gospel of John says Jesus miraculously restored the sight of the blind man, and the Tel Dan inscription—the first historical evidence of King David outside the Bible.
Proto-Aeolic (also called proto-Ionic) capitals are characteristic elements of First Temple period (1000 B.C.–586 B.C) public architecture. The proto-aeolic capital type has been found at major First Temple period sites, including Dan, Hazor, Megiddo, Jerusalem and Ramat Rachel. The recent discovery, which consists of a proto-aeolic capital and column carved out of a single piece of stone, stands out amongst the broader collection, which is comprised of capitals detached from their original column perches. The capitals are rectangular stone slabs incised with spiraling volutes, resembling Tree of Life motifs and Classical Greek Ionic capitals. The quality of the newly-discovered capital suggests that it was used in a royal structure, one that Rosenthal claims was untouched by secondary building use. This stunning structure has the potential to shed light on many remaining questions on Israelite kingship—if archaeologists are allowed to investigate the site.
For our Hebrew-speaking readers, please read the original article published in Makor Rishon.
In the article “Did I Find King David’s Palace?” Eilat Mazar writes: “I confirmed that ashlar stones and an elegant proto-Aeolic capital had been found literally at the foot of the scarp at the southeastern edge of the structure in Area H. And this was just the kind of impressive remains that one would expect to come from a tenth-century B.C.E. king’s palace.”
Read the full article in Bible History Daily as it appeared in BAR.