This enormous 18th-century B.C.E. structure that isolates and protects the Gihon Spring is believed to be the fortress described in the Book of Samuel that King David conquered:
Excavating the City of David is the definitive book on the City of David—the oldest part of Jerusalem—by Ronny Reich, the current excavator of the site. Learn about the Siloam Tunnel, Warren’s Shaft system, Siloam Inscription, Theodotos Inscription and Pool of Siloam in this must-read publication.
The Gihon Spring was also the site where King Solomon was crowned, according to the Book of Kings:
According to Oriya Dasberg, director of development in the City of David, “The Spring Citadel was built in order to save and protect the water of the city from enemies coming to conquer it, as well as to protect the people going down to the spring to get water and bring it back up to the city.”
With 23-foot-thick walls comprised of stone blocks up to ten feet wide, the Spring Citadel represents the largest Canaanite fortress discovered thus far in Israel.
Which finds made our top 10 Biblical archaeology discoveries of 2014? Find out >>
Hezekiah’s Tunnel connects the Gihon Spring—Jerusalem’s fresh water supply—with the Siloam Pool. Click here to visit the Hezekiah’s Tunnel scholar’s study page.