This post was originally published on Luke Chandler’s blog Bible, Archaeology, Travel with Luke Chandler. Luke excavated with the Fourth Expedition to Lachish, a multi-disciplinary field project led by Yosef Garfinkel, Michael Hasel and Martin Klingbeil investigating the Iron Age history of the ancient Biblical city of Tel Lachish. Scroll down for more resources on Lachish in Bible History Daily.
People who have visited Tel Lachish will recognize the Iron Age gate in the photo below. It lies on the southwest side of the tell and was discovered in the 1930s by Starkey and Tufnell. This gate and its approach ramp relate to the city levels destroyed by Sennacherib of Assyria in 701 B.C. and Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 587/6 B.C.
Garfinkel believes the northeast section of the tell would have been a natural entrance point to the city in earlier times. The 2014 excavations exposed and clarified ancient fortifications in this area. Garfinkel gives the newly-discovered entrances a preliminary dating to the early Iron and Middle Bronze ages. (Biblically, this is the period ranging from the early kingdom years back to the Patriarchs.) The 2014 season at Lachish was cut short by the Israel-Hamas conflict, so these new entrances will be excavated in the 2015 season.
Gates are important discoveries for several reasons. They are key fortification points and can provide useful data on the defenses and layout of related city levels. City gates were also centers for trade, exchange, tax collection, worship/cultic practice, legal matters and record keeping. Traces of these activities may be unearthed through excavation and illuminate much about ancient cultures. One prime example is the famous collection of Lachish Letters found in the southwestern gate of Tel Lachish back in the 1930s.
Photos of the new northeast entrance(s) may become available later this year. This blog will monitor and provide updates as they become available.
Luke Chandler is a minister with the North Terrace Church of Christ in Temple Terrace, Florida, and holds an M.A. in Ancient and Classical History. Luke leads group tours to the Bible Lands and Europe. He spent five seasons with the Khirbet Qeiyafa excavation in Israel and is leading a group to join the Fourth Lachish Expedition in the summer of 2014. Luke may be contacted by email at LukeChandler[at]verizon.net.