Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical Is It?

A look at some of the questions surrounding the Bible’s most enigmatic gospel

This Bible History Daily article was originally published in 2012.—Ed.

Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical is It?

The evangelist John rests one hand on his gospel book, in this 83-inch-tall marble sculpture carved by Donatello in about 1415 for a niche in the facade of the Cathedral of Florence. Scholars writing Gospel of John commentary often grapple with the question: Who wrote the Gospel of John? Photo: Erich Lessing.

The Gospels, the first four books of the New Testament, tell the story of the life of Jesus. Yet only one—the Gospel of John—claims to be an eyewitness account, the testimony of the unnamed “disciple whom Jesus loved.” (“This is the disciple who is testifying to these things and wrote these things, and we know that his testimony is true” [John 21:24]). “Who wrote the Gospel of John?” is a question that remains unanswered, though noted theologians throughout the ages maintain that it was indeed the disciple John who penned the famous Biblical book.

Gospel of John commentary is easy to find—some of the most famous theologians in history have closely examined the text and underscored its importance from as early as the beginning of the third century. It is believed that Origen, an Alexandrian Christian scholar and theologian, wrote his Gospel of John commentary while in Alexandria at some point after 218 A.D. St. Augustine—a famous fourth century church father—contributed no fewer than 124 tractates in his Gospel of John commentary, while St. Thomas’s Gospel of John commentary of the 13th century is still highly regarded today by modern scholars.

We may never know for certain who wrote the Gospel of John, any more than we can know who wrote the books of Matthew, Mark and Luke. We do know that John is a gospel apart, however. Early Matthew, Mark and Luke are so alike in their telling that they are called the Synoptic Gospels, meaning “seen together”—the parallels are clear when they are looked at side by side. Matthew and Luke follow the version of events in Mark, which is thought by scholars to be the earliest and most historically accurate Gospel. John, however, does not include the same incidents or chronology found in the other three Gospels, and the fact that it is so different has spurred a debate over whether John’s Gospel is historical or not, something that has been noted in Gospel of John commentary for hundreds—even thousands—of years.

Several hypotheses have attempted to explain why so much of Jesus’ life not portrayed in the Synoptics is present in John and vice versa. One hypothesis claims that John recorded many of the events that occurred before the arrest of John the Baptist, while the Synoptics all have Jesus’ ministry beginning only after the arrest. Another holds that John was written last, by someone who knew about the other three Gospels, but who wished to write a spiritual gospel instead of an historical one. This would mean that the person who wrote the Gospel of John would not have been a contemporary of Jesus, and therefore would not have been an eyewitness as the author claims. There is also the possibility that the author of John did not know of Mark and hence did not have the same information.

The religion section of most bookstores includes an amazing array of Bibles. In our free eBook The Holy Bible: A Buyer’s Guide, prominent Biblical scholars Leonard Greenspoon and Harvey Minkoff expertly guide you through 21 different Bible translations (or versions) and address their content, text, style and religious orientation.

One of the facts in dispute among the four Gospels is the length of Jesus’ ministry. According to the Synoptics, it lasted only about a year, while John has Jesus ministering between two and three years. The Jesus of John’s telling also knew Jerusalem well and had traveled there three or four times. The Synoptics, however, have Jesus visit Jerusalem only once. In John, Jesus had friends near Jerusalem, including Mary, Martha and Lazarus of the town of Bethany, which is just outside of the city on the east slope of the Mount of Olives.

The author of John also knew Jerusalem well, as is evident from the geographic and place name information throughout the book. He mentions, among others, the Sheep Gate Pool (Bethesda), the Siloam Pool and Jacob’s Well. The geographic specificity lends credence to the John’s account.

Another aspect of John that may be more historically accurate than the Synoptics is the account of the crucifixion and the events that led up to it. The Synoptics say that Jesus’ Last Supper was the Passover meal—held that year on a Thursday evening (Jewish holidays begin at sunset)—and they would have us believe that the Sanhedrin, the high court, gathered at the beginning of a major holiday to interrogate Jesus and hand him over to the Romans. John, in contrast, has Jesus handed over for crucifixion on “the day of Preparation of Passover week, about the sixth hour.” According to John, the Last Supper is not a Passover meal (because the holiday that year did not start until Friday evening), and Jesus is crucified and buried before Passover begins. In John’s account Jesus becomes the Passover sacrificial lamb, which was offered the afternoon before the Passover holiday. Some scholars suggest that John may be more historical regarding the crucifixion than the other three Gospels.

Given John’s familiarity with Jerusalem and its environs, it is very possible that he had visited the Pool of Siloam, which he mentions in connection with the story of the curing of the blind man (a story that appears only in John’s Gospel). It is that pool that has only recently been uncovered, as described in the accompanying article.

For more on the question of John’s historical reliability, see D. Moody Smith, “John: Historian or Theologian?Bible Review, October 2004.


Based on “How Historical is the Gospel of John?Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2005.

This Bible History Daily article was originally published in March 2012.


Posted in New Testament.

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

Add Your Comments

96 Responses

Stay in touch with the conversation, subscribe to the RSS feed for comments on this post.

  1. Gary says

    I remain a firm believer that it was Mary Madgalene who wrote the gospel of John. Christ loved her the most, and in this gospel it is referred to as written by the one whom Jesus loved. This is an amazing first hand account.

  2. Damian says

    My biggest question is ,How come there are no writings by Jesus himself ???

  3. Ryan says

    What I would like to know is, what book the author of this essay is reading?
    1. Yahshua was taken to prison Passover night (as He broke bread).
    2. He was hung on a tree a High Shabbat (Wednesday).
    3. He resurrected on a Sabbaton (Sabbath) before dawn.
    4. John’s account was written by John, the other three are spurious writings of the third century ad.

    Anyone with any brain can figure this one out.

  4. Pieter says

    Internal evidence on probable author identity outweighs external/tradional and ‘John’s’ gospel itself discloses clearly who the beloved disciple was and hence the author of the Fourth Gospel. And it is definitely not ‘John’.

  5. Steve says

    @Ryan ..the other three were spurious?

  6. Steve says

    I agree this author is sounding like some CNN host who knows nothing more than superficial media hear-say.

    Of all the places, is this where you try to mention the untrue “controversies” between the gospels. One quick search on the topic online would help you clarify all those doubts and yet such lethargic unscholarly attitude.

    At least not expected from someone authorized to write on this website with that name for Christ’s sakes.

  7. Gethsi says

    But there is a verse in john:21:24 , like John himself wrote the Gospel of John.. I wanna get clarify with this..

  8. Ryan says

    @Steve, yes spurious for the fact that a lot of the scriptural context of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are quite contrary to Johns testimony. Many theologians have claimed that the three did not write from first-hand accounts, but copied from another text, which is why the geographic details are confused, the parables are not in agreement, and the “resurrection account” of Johns, states that the disciples were in a boat, when Yahshua met them prior to His ascension. Not found in the other three.

  9. Paul says

    The Gospel of John was written by John. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, all 4 thrived during Jesus’ life, ministry, death, resurrection and beyond. He descipled all four regularly, although neither Mark nor Luke were one of the first 12 apostles named by Jesus. Mark was probably John Mark (Acts 12) Luke was both a physician and a historian, to whom the book of Acts is attributed. All four were eyewitnesses to Jesus’ minisrty, but only John mentioned being so. I believe That the Gospel according to John was written by John, the brother of James (son of Zebedee.) He was the apostle John which penned the Revelation and also wrote 1st 2nd and 3rd John. The stories of the four Gospel writers vary, but only in chronology and perhaps in their inclusions. They do not vary in essence. All four men commenced their written account a number of years after Jesus’ death and resurrection. Matthew, John Mark, and Luke collaborated frequently, resulting in their stories being synchronized. John (Zebedee) also collaborated with them, but gave less regard to exact chronology and higher regard to details of certain events as they relate to God’s unlimited love. Jesus exuded the love of God profusely, without measure. (John 13:1) He loved all12 apostles, but John paid more attention to his love, while the others paid more attention to the events. Some had said that Jesus loved John because John was his natural brother. He was not. He was a son of Zebedee. The account in John 19:26 does not indicate that John is Jesus’ brother, but rather, that Jesus was ‘asigning’ to John the task of brother, to comfort and care for his mother. There is also spiritual significance; he was telling his own mother to now look to his ministry for guidence.
    ‘Leaning-on-Jesus-bosom’ is figure of speech. It means John was ‘in tune’ with everything Jesus said. John inclined his own heart towards what Jesus loved. John 13:23; John 19:26; and John 21:7, 20 are translated incorrectly. The correct translation is the disciple who “loved what Jesus loved”. Many people, probably hundreds or even thousands were writing on parchment quickly and simultaneously as orations were presented by prophets, by Jesus and by the apostles. Hundreds or thousands of people also hand copied letters and eye-witness accounts that were written by the apostles. In many cases, the oldest surviving copies that could be found had been hand written 10 to 50 years after the first writings. Many of those were not discovered until two to three hundred years after they were written. scientific dating alone for the generating of the documents is not sufficient to determine when the original writing was first orated or penned. The accounts, (both verbal and written) of reliable historians must also be considered. therefore the oldest discernible writings of any of the Apostles won’t date back to the time of that apostle because those copies ceased to exist. However, other historical accounts will help verify who the original author was.
    Many ‘God-haters’ have cited the scientific dating of certain apostolic copies as a tactic in an attempt to discount and devalue the validity of the Holy Bible. they have also attempted to add certain ancient accounts by claiming they were written by various apostles even though their claim is not supported by either scientific dating or other historical records. The Book of Enoch, and the Gospel of Thomas are two such examples. It behooves every true believer in the Word of God to be mindful of these attacks against God’s Word.

  10. Wendy says

    @Paul- I agree, what you wrote is directed by the Holy Spirit. Jesus was showing His appreciation because John loved what He loved which resulted in their close relationship. Spiritual things are spiritually discerned 1 Cor 2: 13,14

  11. Aaron says

    The gospel of John was written by a ressurected Judas Iscariot. Jesus supernaturally caused Judas to betray Him, to fulfill the prophesy in Scripture. The story of Lazarus foreshadows this.

  12. Charles says

    God is not the author of confusion, it is a manipulative tool used by “Satan” (Lucifer) to distract from the truth that is God. When you really think about it, does it really matter who wrote what… it’s all about the truth, loving and caring about, and for, each other. Why should we concern ourselves about chronological/geographical disagreement as long as the essence
    ( there is a consensus) of the word remains in tact.

  13. feke says

    a like the idea that charles says. Bcoz we should b concern about the matter of life& truth not who rowte.

  14. Maung says

    It is very clear if you read in John 21:20-25 . It’s Apostle John . The author identified himself who he was in John 21:24

  15. Mike says

    Several hypotheses have attempted to explain why so much of Jesus’ life not portrayed in the Synoptics is present in John and vice versa.

    Why is so much of southern U.S. culture portrayed in Faulkner not present in Harper Lee?

    Because the writers wrote about what they felt like writing about, and didn’t write about what they didn’t feel like writing about. Duh.

    Pick any handful of biographies of, say, Abraham Lincoln. Or any figure. The tone, style, perspective, focus, choice of anecdotes, etc., will vary from biographer to biographer.

    And the ultimate author of the Gospels, God, might tell us one day to walk over the hill to town. He might spend the next day telling us about town. He might spend the third day giving practical logistical advice for the journey. On the fourth he might describe the people of town and their physical needs, while on the fifth brief us on the spiritual connection of traveling by foot and evangelizing door-to-door.

    Personally, I’ve never noticed much difference between John and the so-called synoptics, or between any gospel and any other gospel.

  16. Ryan says

    There are some REALLY ignorant people in the world. Yes, Matthew, Mark and Luke are “spurious writings,” and do not date back before 300ad, which is the same time period that the Gnostics (Christians) were inventing their false writings. John is an eyewitness account of the Apostle John (Mary was never an apostle, and women were forbidden to teach). The Gospel of John dates back to the first century, and gives exact geological/geographical locations, that the other three do not, because the other three are written by someone that has no knowledge of Israel, Yahshua, or the sacrifices, or the actual events.

  17. Edward says

    REASONS SCHOLARS FIND JOHN THE MOST QUESTIONABLE GOSPEL http://edward-t-babinski.blogspot.com/2015/06/biblical-scholars-including-those-who.html

  18. zulu says

    the gospel of john was written by john because it is he who was everywhere jesus went

  19. george says

    i,m looking for the book of john with the commentary can u help me thanks george

  20. Gerald says

    The book of John is about a man called Jesus who at the baptism of the Lord An of the book of Matthew came the next day while Ani was a way in the wilderness fasting and praying to his father before being tested of Satan to see if he be the real son of God.
    The next day came the deceiver Jesus who was but a gentile Jew as pretender, Now to prove this from the book of John is impossible but if we take the account of Matthew and John at the same time we find we have two who are the son of God one real and the other is false, They co-exist for 2 years according to the book of John, On the last Jews’ Passover the false Jesus will be crucified on the day of Preparation and be buried according to the Jews custom by two men one a Jew and the other was Hebrew,
    At that hour when Jesus is buried the Lord is going into eat the Passover dinner on the 14th of the month. He too will b crucified and buried but Jesus of John is now in the grave for 24 hours. The moment that the Lord dies at three in the after noon there is a great earthquake and the living ones being righteous are aroused and made to stand up among the dead ones. They assemble and go into the city of Jerusalem are seen by many but the gentile Jesus is not seen among then for he is unrighteous and he will remain in the grave for 84 more hours until he is aroused on Sunday morning at sunrise, In the mean time the Lord is in the grave three days and three nights and he will rise with the second earthquake and angel from heaven but the gentile Jesus of John has 12 more hours in the grave until Sunday morning
    The Jesus of John is no more than a gentile Jew writing a story of a gentile Jew who was called the son of God but never approved by God the Father of the Hebrews. Everything in the book of John is about the gentile Jews for he never mentions the children of Israel those being Hebrews and he never warns of the coming wrath on the rejected seed of Satan who are assigned to hell from the foundation of the earth,
    Now if all this sounds strange take the book of Matthew begin with Baptism of “Ani the Lord by John the cousin of Ani, he is immediately led away to the wilderness, the next day came the deceiver Jesus and for the next forty days he lays out his evil and wicked plan of believing to the gentile Jews, He gives his evil and wicked manifesto to one lone gentile Jew in the middle of the night in John 3:15-16. The false messiah Jesus offered eternal life to those perishing but the sons of God of the book of Matthew were never perishing for there was prepared for them a place before the foundation of the earth. Only the evil and wicked gentiles all go to hell as they were assigned before the earth was formed.
    The gentile deceiver Jesus made a way for all gentile to be saved by believing in the false messiah Jesus,
    Ani the Lord came for his divorced wife and her children, He had to die to annul the first marriage vows that he could remarry his wife. Ani then became the price to buy back the wife and the children from the one who possessed them, It was purely a financial transaction for those redeemed take no part in the act of redeeming and nothing is required of them, Only the evil and wicked gentiles have to believe in the false Jesus to be saved from nothing the wrath of God still awaits them when they die,

  21. Dr.Gonzzo says

    There is another thesis as to who wrote the gospel of John.

    All four gospels were written by the Romans themselves!

    The Dead Sea Scrolls would give you a clue. The 31 banned gospels form the Bible was not written by the Romans (with the collaboration of Josephus Flavius) which were all pro-Roman and anti-Jewish. Those four gospels were used as propaganda scriptures against the Jews in favor of the Romans.

    Some mind boggling information right here:


  22. Robert says

    Sorry Gary (of #1 Post above), the male gender of the author (who was an eyewitness) is revealed, in John 19:35; 21:24 “…his witness/testimony is true…”

  23. John says

    It amazes me but it should not because heresy was alive in the 1st century. The apostle Paul was struggling with this then when he wrote his letters re to the Galatians for example. The Enemy who is Satan seeks to confuse and deceive in order to keep us from the truth. Study the scriptures for yourselves and rely only those proven commentators and expositors that have survived the test of time. One of the greatest that was recorded is Dr Martyn Lloyd Jones. There are over 1600 sermons that were recorded at the Westminster Chapel in London in the 1950s and 60s. These have been digitally restored and our are available to listen and download @ MLJTRUST.org

  24. gary says

    Are our pastors telling us the truth?

    Are Christian pastors honest with their congregations regarding the evidence for the Resurrection? Is there really a “mountain of evidence” for the Resurrection as our pastors claim or is the belief in the Resurrection based on nothing more than assumptions, second century hearsay, superstitions, and giant leaps of faith?

    You MUST read this Christian pastor’s defense of the Resurrection and a review by one of his former parishioners, a man who lost his faith and is now a nonbeliever primarily due to the lack of good evidence for the Resurrection:

    —A Review of LCMS Pastor John Bombaro’s Defense of the Resurrection—

    (copy and paste this article title into your browser to find and read this fascinating review of the evidence for the Resurrection)

  25. Michelle says

    I am reading the BYNV Natsarim Version. This bible shows the true names. It says that many Hebrew scholars believe the one who Yahushua ( Jesus) loved is Lazarus (Alazar) who actually wrote John. Since the rulers were seeking to kill him because of (Jesus) it is possible that he used an alternative name to hide his true identity. The name John in Hebrew is Yahukanon.

  26. gary says

    Newsflash: The majority of New Testament scholars no longer believe that eyewitnesses wrote the Gospels. It’s not just my opinion, my Christian friends, it is the consensus of scholars.


  27. Douglas says

    “The author of John also knew Jerusalem well, as is evident from the geographic and place name information throughout the book. He mentions, among others, the Sheep Gate Pool (Bethesda), the Siloam Pool and Jacob’s Well. ”
    I hope the authors don’t think that Jacob’s Well is in Jerusalem, since that seems to be the point they’re trying to make.

  28. John says

    The fourth gospel was written by Lazarus. Lazarus was the disciple whom Jesus loved, as per John 11:3 “…Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.”

  29. gary says

    Watch the above five minute youtube video. In it, NT Wright, renowned NT scholar, admits that NO ONE knows who wrote the Gospels, where they were written, nor when they were written!

    Therefore, no one should believe the very improbable, 2,000 year old, tall tale that a three-day-dead guy walked out of his sealed tomb to eat a broiled fish lunch with his former fishing buddies and a few days later, flew off into outer space where he sits today on a golden throne, at the edge of the universe, as King of the Cosmos!

  30. Minister says

    I don’t understand why it is so hard for people to understand that Jesus was not married. When if you believe and understand the bible from start to finish you should know as a child also understand as a child staying pure in your thoughts. Then you would understand that God would only accept a pure unblemished sacrifice. Now that being said if Jesus was married then he would not and could be a sacrifice pleasing to God. If people would tell the truth ? The first attribute of a woman wasn’t her wisdom, are even her spiritual desires and love for God. No it was her flesh. Her physical appearance. Paul even says it’s better to marry than to burn. Also Jesus said if you have lusted after a woman then you have already committed adultery. So tell the truth what was it that drew you to your wife? I already know
    ( sin. ) There for Jesus could not have been married.

  31. Joanna says

    It’s generally understood by biblical scholars today that Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are not eyewitness accounts.

    Mark is the earliest of the gospels and there is pretty much consensus that it was written around 70 AD (earlier that the 300 AD Ryan seems so certain about). John was written around 93 AD, though the earliest found documents from John are from 125 AD. John himself died in 44 AD.

    Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are all anonymous. Most scholars no longer believe that Mark was John Mark the scribe of Peter. And it was very normal at the time for other scribes to write ‘in the style’ of someone famous who’s teachings they were interested in. It would not have been unusual for someone to write ‘as John would have written’ and then said that it was actually written by John. Today we would call that a forgery, but in those times it was pretty normal.

    There’s a good summary on the following page with more detailed references there: http://www.humanreligions.info/gospels.html

  32. Susan says

    Interesting and articulate article proposing Lazarus as the author of the Gospel of John: http://bibletruth.cc/DWYL.htm#The%20Disciple%20Whom%20Yeshua%20Loved

  33. James says

    I would just like to say that posting a quote from a person with a Master’s or PHD is not evidence. What is your evidence? There are so many quotes above that a person searching for the truth(a true skeptic) would see right through. Instead several posters seem to just be trying to reinforce what they already believe. Might I remind you that people a lot closer in time to Jesus and the apostles explain much of who/what/why/when. Polycarp, Clement of Rome, Clement of Alexandria, Irenaeus, Ignatius, Eusebius. I would trust what they have to say over someone 2000 years using mainly linguistic evidence, any day of the week. Especially since, with the exception of Eusebius, the people above had nothing to gain but persecution for doing what they did. Sure, less than 1% of what is in editions such as the KJV and the NIV, don’t exist in Codex Sinaiticus, but if you remove the small amount of editions that have happened over the last 2000 years no fundamental teachings or beliefs are changed. Another poster said that most scholars agree that John Mark did not right Mark. ???? Are you serious? what is the evidence for that? Do they have someone from within that lifetime who says this? Do they have something listing characteristics of John Mark that disqualify him from righting Mark? Groundless speculation. Please look at all of the evidence as a whole. And do not just believe what PHD says. There are multitudes on the planet and they do not all agree, so look at the evidence, listen to what scholars have to say. But do not take their word as “Gospel”. Think for yourself. Don’t be a sheeple(sheep + people) for someone who has ulterior motives either way. lol 😉

1 2

Continuing the Discussion

  1. Gospel Of John Commentary: Who Wrote The Gospel Of John And How Historical Is It? | Hebrew Vision News linked to this post on February 28, 2013

    […] A look at some of the questions surrounding the Bible’s most enigmatic gospel Biblical Archaeology Society Staff […]

  2. The Strange Ending Of The Gospel Of Mark And Why It Makes All The Difference | Hebrew Vision News linked to this post on May 1, 2013

    […] Interested in the Gospels’ authors? Check out the Bible History Daily post Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical is It? […]

  3. WHO WAS JOHN THE EVANGELIST? | Pastor Greenbean Blog linked to this post on September 26, 2013

    […] read nice little article on the Gospel of John this morning on the website of Biblical Archaeology Review (my favorite magazine, but I missed a month because of the move–drats!) that roots around at […]

  4. Toby Lohr linked to this post on September 30, 2013


    […]a great and a incredibly newsworthy history i’m so delighted when i[…]…

  5. Friendship Friday | Say WORD! linked to this post on October 8, 2013

    […] a friend that would lay down their life for me or have my best interest at heart at All times.   Who wrote the book of John?   Share this:TwitterFacebookGoogleLike this:Like Loading… This entry was posted in scripture […]

  6. Who wrote the Gospel of John | Thinking Faith | The Gathering » Boise Church | Thinking Faith | The Gathering linked to this post on February 22, 2014

    […]  To continue reading click here… Related Posts 4 Feb […]

  7. Prayer and Meditation for Tuesday, July 22, 2014 — Mary Magdalen “Started Wrong But Finished Strong” | Peace and Freedom linked to this post on July 21, 2014

    […] her as an apostle, noting her as the “apostle to the apostles,” based on the account of the Gospel of John which has Jesus calling her by name and telling her to give the news of his resurrection to the […]

  8. Good Friday, or Good WEDNESDAY? | When is Jesus Coming Back? linked to this post on December 9, 2014

    […] He Died – And Does It Matter“Sabbaths, New Moons, and Appointed Feasts….”Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical is It .a3a5_box {font-size: 14px !important;font-style: normal !important;font-weight: normal […]


    […] Más sobre los autores de los Evangelios? Echa un vistazo a la historia bíblica de post diario “Evangelio de Juan Comentario: ¿Quién escribió el evangelio de Juan y Cómo histórico is I… […]

  10. Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical is It? – Biblical Archaeology Society | St. John One: One linked to this post on January 30, 2015

    […] Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical is It? – Biblical Archa…. […]

  11. Style of Life - Rumors of AngelsRumors of Angels linked to this post on February 1, 2015

    […] mention this matter of style because John’s Gospel, part of which we read for the New Testament lesson this morning, seems to indicate that something […]

  12. Baptismal Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” Added to UNESCO World Heritage List | Laodicean Report linked to this post on July 14, 2015

    […] understood “beyond” the river to mean west of the river—though for the original writer of the Gospel of John, “beyond” the Jordan clearly meant east of the Jordan […]

Some HTML is OK

or, reply to this post via trackback.

Send this to friend

Hello! You friend thought you might be interested in reading this post from http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org:
Gospel of John Commentary: Who Wrote the Gospel of John and How Historical Is It?!
Here is the link: http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-topics/new-testament/gospel-of-john-commentary-who-wrote-the-gospel-of-john-and-how-historical-is-it/
Enter Your Log In Credentials

Change Password