190 years ago, a German tourist named Westphal visited Jerusalem and sketched a map of the city. German and Israeli researchers examining the cartography of 19th-century Palestine recently rediscovered the map in a Berlin archive, providing a rare glimpse at the early stage of Jerusalem mapping. This second-earliest modern map of the city provides a correct outline of the boundaries and structures with keen precision according to Chaim Goren, a historical geographer at the Tel Hai Academic College. The earliest known survey map of Jerusalem that employed trigonometric calculations in conjunction with geographic and topographic data was drafted in 1818.
- Ancient Cultures
- Archaeology Today
- Biblical Artifacts
- Biblical Sites & Places
- Biblical Topics
- People & Cultures in the Bible
Robert Littman and Jay Silverstein
Explore an Egyptian excavation. Meet Kufti archaeologists, explore ancient streets and the mudbricks that shaped them and dive into the port of Alexandria.
Biblical Archaeology Society Staff
Chiseled on the forehead of this marble Aphrodite, a first-century A.D. copy of a fourth-century B.C. statue by Praxiteles, is a cross. The cross was likely carved by Christians, who had also damaged the goddess’s face to “close” the eyes and “silence” the mouth. More than just an act of vandalism, Christians may have reused such statues as stand-ins for saints or even the Virgin.
Enjoy book reviews by top scholars on wide-ranging topics in religion, archaeology and Biblical studies.
Reviews by William G. Dever and Aaron Burke
The Forgotten Kingdom by Israel Finkelstein traces the development of the northern kingdom of Israel to an earlier time associated with the reign of King Saul. The award-winning work is critically and independently reviewed by William G. Dever and Aaron Burke.